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authorSean Young <sean@mess.org>2018-05-20 21:10:47 +0100
committerSean Young <sean@mess.org>2018-06-02 15:09:17 +0100
commitd79ed16470859cc39630a8302d8375e9e915239e (patch)
tree474d31abb19004794ac5f54d2c12ca2c5ebf4dd9
parentfb3a7cdd70c339e3781d40257bf03a034bc6b711 (diff)
keytable: add support for BPF based decoders
We use a modified version of samples/bpf/bpf_load.c from linux kernel tree to load elf based BPF decoders, clear them on '-c' and show the program ids when no commands are given. Any global int variables can be overrided from toml. They are patched to be immediate loads. Signed-off-by: Sean Young <sean@mess.org>
-rw-r--r--Makefile.am4
-rw-r--r--configure.ac11
-rw-r--r--include/linux/bpf.h2644
-rw-r--r--utils/keytable/Makefile.am7
-rw-r--r--utils/keytable/bpf.c515
-rw-r--r--utils/keytable/bpf.h110
-rw-r--r--utils/keytable/bpf_load.c459
-rw-r--r--utils/keytable/bpf_load.h41
-rw-r--r--utils/keytable/keytable.c208
-rw-r--r--v4l-utils.spec.in2
10 files changed, 3991 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/Makefile.am b/Makefile.am
index fc8f2f34..38e17bab 100644
--- a/Makefile.am
+++ b/Makefile.am
@@ -25,7 +25,8 @@ sync-with-kernel:
! -f $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/ivtv.h -o \
! -f $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/dvb/frontend.h -o \
! -f $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/dvb/dmx.h -o \
- ! -f $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/lirc.h ]; then \
+ ! -f $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/lirc.h -o \
+ ! -f $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/bpf.h ]; then \
echo "Error you must set KERNEL_DIR to point to an extracted kernel source dir"; \
echo "and run 'make headers_install' in \$$KERNEL_DIR."; \
exit 1; \
@@ -43,6 +44,7 @@ sync-with-kernel:
cp $(top_srcdir)/include/linux/dvb/frontend.h $(top_srcdir)/lib/include/libdvbv5/dvb-frontend.h
cp -a $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/dvb/dmx.h $(top_srcdir)/include/linux/dvb
cp -a $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/lirc.h $(top_srcdir)/include/linux
+ cp -a $(KERNEL_DIR)/usr/include/linux/bpf.h $(top_srcdir)/include/linux
cp -a $(KERNEL_DIR)/drivers/media/common/v4l2-tpg/v4l2-tpg-core.c $(top_srcdir)/utils/common
cp -a $(KERNEL_DIR)/drivers/media/common/v4l2-tpg/v4l2-tpg-colors.c $(top_srcdir)/utils/common
cp -a $(KERNEL_DIR)/include/media/tpg/v4l2-tpg* $(top_srcdir)/utils/common
diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index dc1e9cbf..1f48913c 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -167,6 +167,16 @@ AC_SUBST([X11_CFLAGS])
AC_SUBST([X11_LIBS])
AM_CONDITIONAL([HAVE_X11], [test x$x11_pkgconfig = xyes])
+PKG_CHECK_MODULES([LIBELF], [libelf], [libelf_pkgconfig=yes], [libelf_pkgconfig=no])
+AC_SUBST([LIBELF_CFLAGS])
+AC_SUBST([LIBELF_LIBS])
+AM_CONDITIONAL([HAVE_LIBELF], [test x$libelf_pkgconfig = xyes])
+if test "x$libelf_pkgconfig" = "xyes"; then
+ AC_DEFINE([HAVE_LIBELF], [1], [libelf library is present])
+else
+ AC_MSG_WARN(libelf library not available)
+fi
+
AS_IF([test "x$x11_pkgconfig" = xyes],
[PKG_CHECK_MODULES(GL, [gl], [gl_pkgconfig=yes], [gl_pkgconfig=no])], [gl_pkgconfig=no])
AC_SUBST([GL_CFLAGS])
@@ -497,6 +507,7 @@ compile time options summary
X11 : $x11_pkgconfig
GL : $gl_pkgconfig
glu : $glu_pkgconfig
+ libelf : $libelf_pkgconfig
libjpeg : $have_jpeg
libudev : $have_libudev
pthread : $have_pthread
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..64ac0f7a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,2644 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__
+#define _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/bpf_common.h>
+
+/* Extended instruction set based on top of classic BPF */
+
+/* instruction classes */
+#define BPF_ALU64 0x07 /* alu mode in double word width */
+
+/* ld/ldx fields */
+#define BPF_DW 0x18 /* double word (64-bit) */
+#define BPF_XADD 0xc0 /* exclusive add */
+
+/* alu/jmp fields */
+#define BPF_MOV 0xb0 /* mov reg to reg */
+#define BPF_ARSH 0xc0 /* sign extending arithmetic shift right */
+
+/* change endianness of a register */
+#define BPF_END 0xd0 /* flags for endianness conversion: */
+#define BPF_TO_LE 0x00 /* convert to little-endian */
+#define BPF_TO_BE 0x08 /* convert to big-endian */
+#define BPF_FROM_LE BPF_TO_LE
+#define BPF_FROM_BE BPF_TO_BE
+
+/* jmp encodings */
+#define BPF_JNE 0x50 /* jump != */
+#define BPF_JLT 0xa0 /* LT is unsigned, '<' */
+#define BPF_JLE 0xb0 /* LE is unsigned, '<=' */
+#define BPF_JSGT 0x60 /* SGT is signed '>', GT in x86 */
+#define BPF_JSGE 0x70 /* SGE is signed '>=', GE in x86 */
+#define BPF_JSLT 0xc0 /* SLT is signed, '<' */
+#define BPF_JSLE 0xd0 /* SLE is signed, '<=' */
+#define BPF_CALL 0x80 /* function call */
+#define BPF_EXIT 0x90 /* function return */
+
+/* Register numbers */
+enum {
+ BPF_REG_0 = 0,
+ BPF_REG_1,
+ BPF_REG_2,
+ BPF_REG_3,
+ BPF_REG_4,
+ BPF_REG_5,
+ BPF_REG_6,
+ BPF_REG_7,
+ BPF_REG_8,
+ BPF_REG_9,
+ BPF_REG_10,
+ __MAX_BPF_REG,
+};
+
+/* BPF has 10 general purpose 64-bit registers and stack frame. */
+#define MAX_BPF_REG __MAX_BPF_REG
+
+struct bpf_insn {
+ __u8 code; /* opcode */
+ __u8 dst_reg:4; /* dest register */
+ __u8 src_reg:4; /* source register */
+ __s16 off; /* signed offset */
+ __s32 imm; /* signed immediate constant */
+};
+
+/* Key of an a BPF_MAP_TYPE_LPM_TRIE entry */
+struct bpf_lpm_trie_key {
+ __u32 prefixlen; /* up to 32 for AF_INET, 128 for AF_INET6 */
+ __u8 data[0]; /* Arbitrary size */
+};
+
+/* BPF syscall commands, see bpf(2) man-page for details. */
+enum bpf_cmd {
+ BPF_MAP_CREATE,
+ BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_ELEM,
+ BPF_MAP_UPDATE_ELEM,
+ BPF_MAP_DELETE_ELEM,
+ BPF_MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY,
+ BPF_PROG_LOAD,
+ BPF_OBJ_PIN,
+ BPF_OBJ_GET,
+ BPF_PROG_ATTACH,
+ BPF_PROG_DETACH,
+ BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN,
+ BPF_PROG_GET_NEXT_ID,
+ BPF_MAP_GET_NEXT_ID,
+ BPF_PROG_GET_FD_BY_ID,
+ BPF_MAP_GET_FD_BY_ID,
+ BPF_OBJ_GET_INFO_BY_FD,
+ BPF_PROG_QUERY,
+ BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT_OPEN,
+ BPF_BTF_LOAD,
+ BPF_BTF_GET_FD_BY_ID,
+ BPF_TASK_FD_QUERY,
+};
+
+enum bpf_map_type {
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_UNSPEC,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_HASH,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_STACK_TRACE,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_LRU_HASH,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_LRU_PERCPU_HASH,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_LPM_TRIE,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY_OF_MAPS,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH_OF_MAPS,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKMAP,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_XSKMAP,
+ BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKHASH,
+};
+
+enum bpf_prog_type {
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_UNSPEC,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_SOCKET_FILTER,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_KPROBE,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_SCHED_CLS,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_SCHED_ACT,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_TRACEPOINT,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_CGROUP_SKB,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_CGROUP_SOCK,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_IN,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_OUT,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_XMIT,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_SOCK_OPS,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_SKB,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_CGROUP_DEVICE,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_MSG,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_RAW_TRACEPOINT,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_CGROUP_SOCK_ADDR,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_SEG6LOCAL,
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_LIRC_MODE2,
+};
+
+enum bpf_attach_type {
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET_INGRESS,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET_EGRESS,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET_SOCK_CREATE,
+ BPF_CGROUP_SOCK_OPS,
+ BPF_SK_SKB_STREAM_PARSER,
+ BPF_SK_SKB_STREAM_VERDICT,
+ BPF_CGROUP_DEVICE,
+ BPF_SK_MSG_VERDICT,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET4_BIND,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET6_BIND,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET4_CONNECT,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET6_CONNECT,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET4_POST_BIND,
+ BPF_CGROUP_INET6_POST_BIND,
+ BPF_CGROUP_UDP4_SENDMSG,
+ BPF_CGROUP_UDP6_SENDMSG,
+ BPF_LIRC_MODE2,
+ __MAX_BPF_ATTACH_TYPE
+};
+
+#define MAX_BPF_ATTACH_TYPE __MAX_BPF_ATTACH_TYPE
+
+/* cgroup-bpf attach flags used in BPF_PROG_ATTACH command
+ *
+ * NONE(default): No further bpf programs allowed in the subtree.
+ *
+ * BPF_F_ALLOW_OVERRIDE: If a sub-cgroup installs some bpf program,
+ * the program in this cgroup yields to sub-cgroup program.
+ *
+ * BPF_F_ALLOW_MULTI: If a sub-cgroup installs some bpf program,
+ * that cgroup program gets run in addition to the program in this cgroup.
+ *
+ * Only one program is allowed to be attached to a cgroup with
+ * NONE or BPF_F_ALLOW_OVERRIDE flag.
+ * Attaching another program on top of NONE or BPF_F_ALLOW_OVERRIDE will
+ * release old program and attach the new one. Attach flags has to match.
+ *
+ * Multiple programs are allowed to be attached to a cgroup with
+ * BPF_F_ALLOW_MULTI flag. They are executed in FIFO order
+ * (those that were attached first, run first)
+ * The programs of sub-cgroup are executed first, then programs of
+ * this cgroup and then programs of parent cgroup.
+ * When children program makes decision (like picking TCP CA or sock bind)
+ * parent program has a chance to override it.
+ *
+ * A cgroup with MULTI or OVERRIDE flag allows any attach flags in sub-cgroups.
+ * A cgroup with NONE doesn't allow any programs in sub-cgroups.
+ * Ex1:
+ * cgrp1 (MULTI progs A, B) ->
+ * cgrp2 (OVERRIDE prog C) ->
+ * cgrp3 (MULTI prog D) ->
+ * cgrp4 (OVERRIDE prog E) ->
+ * cgrp5 (NONE prog F)
+ * the event in cgrp5 triggers execution of F,D,A,B in that order.
+ * if prog F is detached, the execution is E,D,A,B
+ * if prog F and D are detached, the execution is E,A,B
+ * if prog F, E and D are detached, the execution is C,A,B
+ *
+ * All eligible programs are executed regardless of return code from
+ * earlier programs.
+ */
+#define BPF_F_ALLOW_OVERRIDE (1U << 0)
+#define BPF_F_ALLOW_MULTI (1U << 1)
+
+/* If BPF_F_STRICT_ALIGNMENT is used in BPF_PROG_LOAD command, the
+ * verifier will perform strict alignment checking as if the kernel
+ * has been built with CONFIG_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS not set,
+ * and NET_IP_ALIGN defined to 2.
+ */
+#define BPF_F_STRICT_ALIGNMENT (1U << 0)
+
+/* when bpf_ldimm64->src_reg == BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD, bpf_ldimm64->imm == fd */
+#define BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD 1
+
+/* when bpf_call->src_reg == BPF_PSEUDO_CALL, bpf_call->imm == pc-relative
+ * offset to another bpf function
+ */
+#define BPF_PSEUDO_CALL 1
+
+/* flags for BPF_MAP_UPDATE_ELEM command */
+#define BPF_ANY 0 /* create new element or update existing */
+#define BPF_NOEXIST 1 /* create new element if it didn't exist */
+#define BPF_EXIST 2 /* update existing element */
+
+/* flags for BPF_MAP_CREATE command */
+#define BPF_F_NO_PREALLOC (1U << 0)
+/* Instead of having one common LRU list in the
+ * BPF_MAP_TYPE_LRU_[PERCPU_]HASH map, use a percpu LRU list
+ * which can scale and perform better.
+ * Note, the LRU nodes (including free nodes) cannot be moved
+ * across different LRU lists.
+ */
+#define BPF_F_NO_COMMON_LRU (1U << 1)
+/* Specify numa node during map creation */
+#define BPF_F_NUMA_NODE (1U << 2)
+
+/* flags for BPF_PROG_QUERY */
+#define BPF_F_QUERY_EFFECTIVE (1U << 0)
+
+#define BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN 16U
+
+/* Flags for accessing BPF object */
+#define BPF_F_RDONLY (1U << 3)
+#define BPF_F_WRONLY (1U << 4)
+
+/* Flag for stack_map, store build_id+offset instead of pointer */
+#define BPF_F_STACK_BUILD_ID (1U << 5)
+
+enum bpf_stack_build_id_status {
+ /* user space need an empty entry to identify end of a trace */
+ BPF_STACK_BUILD_ID_EMPTY = 0,
+ /* with valid build_id and offset */
+ BPF_STACK_BUILD_ID_VALID = 1,
+ /* couldn't get build_id, fallback to ip */
+ BPF_STACK_BUILD_ID_IP = 2,
+};
+
+#define BPF_BUILD_ID_SIZE 20
+struct bpf_stack_build_id {
+ __s32 status;
+ unsigned char build_id[BPF_BUILD_ID_SIZE];
+ union {
+ __u64 offset;
+ __u64 ip;
+ };
+};
+
+union bpf_attr {
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_MAP_CREATE command */
+ __u32 map_type; /* one of enum bpf_map_type */
+ __u32 key_size; /* size of key in bytes */
+ __u32 value_size; /* size of value in bytes */
+ __u32 max_entries; /* max number of entries in a map */
+ __u32 map_flags; /* BPF_MAP_CREATE related
+ * flags defined above.
+ */
+ __u32 inner_map_fd; /* fd pointing to the inner map */
+ __u32 numa_node; /* numa node (effective only if
+ * BPF_F_NUMA_NODE is set).
+ */
+ char map_name[BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN];
+ __u32 map_ifindex; /* ifindex of netdev to create on */
+ __u32 btf_fd; /* fd pointing to a BTF type data */
+ __u32 btf_key_type_id; /* BTF type_id of the key */
+ __u32 btf_value_type_id; /* BTF type_id of the value */
+ };
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_MAP_*_ELEM commands */
+ __u32 map_fd;
+ __aligned_u64 key;
+ union {
+ __aligned_u64 value;
+ __aligned_u64 next_key;
+ };
+ __u64 flags;
+ };
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_PROG_LOAD command */
+ __u32 prog_type; /* one of enum bpf_prog_type */
+ __u32 insn_cnt;
+ __aligned_u64 insns;
+ __aligned_u64 license;
+ __u32 log_level; /* verbosity level of verifier */
+ __u32 log_size; /* size of user buffer */
+ __aligned_u64 log_buf; /* user supplied buffer */
+ __u32 kern_version; /* checked when prog_type=kprobe */
+ __u32 prog_flags;
+ char prog_name[BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN];
+ __u32 prog_ifindex; /* ifindex of netdev to prep for */
+ /* For some prog types expected attach type must be known at
+ * load time to verify attach type specific parts of prog
+ * (context accesses, allowed helpers, etc).
+ */
+ __u32 expected_attach_type;
+ };
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_OBJ_* commands */
+ __aligned_u64 pathname;
+ __u32 bpf_fd;
+ __u32 file_flags;
+ };
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_PROG_ATTACH/DETACH commands */
+ __u32 target_fd; /* container object to attach to */
+ __u32 attach_bpf_fd; /* eBPF program to attach */
+ __u32 attach_type;
+ __u32 attach_flags;
+ };
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN command */
+ __u32 prog_fd;
+ __u32 retval;
+ __u32 data_size_in;
+ __u32 data_size_out;
+ __aligned_u64 data_in;
+ __aligned_u64 data_out;
+ __u32 repeat;
+ __u32 duration;
+ } test;
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_*_GET_*_ID */
+ union {
+ __u32 start_id;
+ __u32 prog_id;
+ __u32 map_id;
+ __u32 btf_id;
+ };
+ __u32 next_id;
+ __u32 open_flags;
+ };
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_OBJ_GET_INFO_BY_FD */
+ __u32 bpf_fd;
+ __u32 info_len;
+ __aligned_u64 info;
+ } info;
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_PROG_QUERY command */
+ __u32 target_fd; /* container object to query */
+ __u32 attach_type;
+ __u32 query_flags;
+ __u32 attach_flags;
+ __aligned_u64 prog_ids;
+ __u32 prog_cnt;
+ } query;
+
+ struct {
+ __u64 name;
+ __u32 prog_fd;
+ } raw_tracepoint;
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct for BPF_BTF_LOAD */
+ __aligned_u64 btf;
+ __aligned_u64 btf_log_buf;
+ __u32 btf_size;
+ __u32 btf_log_size;
+ __u32 btf_log_level;
+ };
+
+ struct {
+ __u32 pid; /* input: pid */
+ __u32 fd; /* input: fd */
+ __u32 flags; /* input: flags */
+ __u32 buf_len; /* input/output: buf len */
+ __aligned_u64 buf; /* input/output:
+ * tp_name for tracepoint
+ * symbol for kprobe
+ * filename for uprobe
+ */
+ __u32 prog_id; /* output: prod_id */
+ __u32 fd_type; /* output: BPF_FD_TYPE_* */
+ __u64 probe_offset; /* output: probe_offset */
+ __u64 probe_addr; /* output: probe_addr */
+ } task_fd_query;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+/* The description below is an attempt at providing documentation to eBPF
+ * developers about the multiple available eBPF helper functions. It can be
+ * parsed and used to produce a manual page. The workflow is the following,
+ * and requires the rst2man utility:
+ *
+ * $ ./scripts/bpf_helpers_doc.py \
+ * --filename include/uapi/linux/bpf.h > /tmp/bpf-helpers.rst
+ * $ rst2man /tmp/bpf-helpers.rst > /tmp/bpf-helpers.7
+ * $ man /tmp/bpf-helpers.7
+ *
+ * Note that in order to produce this external documentation, some RST
+ * formatting is used in the descriptions to get "bold" and "italics" in
+ * manual pages. Also note that the few trailing white spaces are
+ * intentional, removing them would break paragraphs for rst2man.
+ *
+ * Start of BPF helper function descriptions:
+ *
+ * void *bpf_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, const void *key)
+ * Description
+ * Perform a lookup in *map* for an entry associated to *key*.
+ * Return
+ * Map value associated to *key*, or **NULL** if no entry was
+ * found.
+ *
+ * int bpf_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, const void *key, const void *value, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Add or update the value of the entry associated to *key* in
+ * *map* with *value*. *flags* is one of:
+ *
+ * **BPF_NOEXIST**
+ * The entry for *key* must not exist in the map.
+ * **BPF_EXIST**
+ * The entry for *key* must already exist in the map.
+ * **BPF_ANY**
+ * No condition on the existence of the entry for *key*.
+ *
+ * Flag value **BPF_NOEXIST** cannot be used for maps of types
+ * **BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY** or **BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY** (all
+ * elements always exist), the helper would return an error.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_map_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, const void *key)
+ * Description
+ * Delete entry with *key* from *map*.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_probe_read(void *dst, u32 size, const void *src)
+ * Description
+ * For tracing programs, safely attempt to read *size* bytes from
+ * address *src* and store the data in *dst*.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * u64 bpf_ktime_get_ns(void)
+ * Description
+ * Return the time elapsed since system boot, in nanoseconds.
+ * Return
+ * Current *ktime*.
+ *
+ * int bpf_trace_printk(const char *fmt, u32 fmt_size, ...)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is a "printk()-like" facility for debugging. It
+ * prints a message defined by format *fmt* (of size *fmt_size*)
+ * to file *\/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace* from DebugFS, if
+ * available. It can take up to three additional **u64**
+ * arguments (as an eBPF helpers, the total number of arguments is
+ * limited to five).
+ *
+ * Each time the helper is called, it appends a line to the trace.
+ * The format of the trace is customizable, and the exact output
+ * one will get depends on the options set in
+ * *\/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace_options* (see also the
+ * *README* file under the same directory). However, it usually
+ * defaults to something like:
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * telnet-470 [001] .N.. 419421.045894: 0x00000001: <formatted msg>
+ *
+ * In the above:
+ *
+ * * ``telnet`` is the name of the current task.
+ * * ``470`` is the PID of the current task.
+ * * ``001`` is the CPU number on which the task is
+ * running.
+ * * In ``.N..``, each character refers to a set of
+ * options (whether irqs are enabled, scheduling
+ * options, whether hard/softirqs are running, level of
+ * preempt_disabled respectively). **N** means that
+ * **TIF_NEED_RESCHED** and **PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED**
+ * are set.
+ * * ``419421.045894`` is a timestamp.
+ * * ``0x00000001`` is a fake value used by BPF for the
+ * instruction pointer register.
+ * * ``<formatted msg>`` is the message formatted with
+ * *fmt*.
+ *
+ * The conversion specifiers supported by *fmt* are similar, but
+ * more limited than for printk(). They are **%d**, **%i**,
+ * **%u**, **%x**, **%ld**, **%li**, **%lu**, **%lx**, **%lld**,
+ * **%lli**, **%llu**, **%llx**, **%p**, **%s**. No modifier (size
+ * of field, padding with zeroes, etc.) is available, and the
+ * helper will return **-EINVAL** (but print nothing) if it
+ * encounters an unknown specifier.
+ *
+ * Also, note that **bpf_trace_printk**\ () is slow, and should
+ * only be used for debugging purposes. For this reason, a notice
+ * bloc (spanning several lines) is printed to kernel logs and
+ * states that the helper should not be used "for production use"
+ * the first time this helper is used (or more precisely, when
+ * **trace_printk**\ () buffers are allocated). For passing values
+ * to user space, perf events should be preferred.
+ * Return
+ * The number of bytes written to the buffer, or a negative error
+ * in case of failure.
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_get_prandom_u32(void)
+ * Description
+ * Get a pseudo-random number.
+ *
+ * From a security point of view, this helper uses its own
+ * pseudo-random internal state, and cannot be used to infer the
+ * seed of other random functions in the kernel. However, it is
+ * essential to note that the generator used by the helper is not
+ * cryptographically secure.
+ * Return
+ * A random 32-bit unsigned value.
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_get_smp_processor_id(void)
+ * Description
+ * Get the SMP (symmetric multiprocessing) processor id. Note that
+ * all programs run with preemption disabled, which means that the
+ * SMP processor id is stable during all the execution of the
+ * program.
+ * Return
+ * The SMP id of the processor running the program.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_store_bytes(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, const void *from, u32 len, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Store *len* bytes from address *from* into the packet
+ * associated to *skb*, at *offset*. *flags* are a combination of
+ * **BPF_F_RECOMPUTE_CSUM** (automatically recompute the
+ * checksum for the packet after storing the bytes) and
+ * **BPF_F_INVALIDATE_HASH** (set *skb*\ **->hash**, *skb*\
+ * **->swhash** and *skb*\ **->l4hash** to 0).
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_l3_csum_replace(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, u64 from, u64 to, u64 size)
+ * Description
+ * Recompute the layer 3 (e.g. IP) checksum for the packet
+ * associated to *skb*. Computation is incremental, so the helper
+ * must know the former value of the header field that was
+ * modified (*from*), the new value of this field (*to*), and the
+ * number of bytes (2 or 4) for this field, stored in *size*.
+ * Alternatively, it is possible to store the difference between
+ * the previous and the new values of the header field in *to*, by
+ * setting *from* and *size* to 0. For both methods, *offset*
+ * indicates the location of the IP checksum within the packet.
+ *
+ * This helper works in combination with **bpf_csum_diff**\ (),
+ * which does not update the checksum in-place, but offers more
+ * flexibility and can handle sizes larger than 2 or 4 for the
+ * checksum to update.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_l4_csum_replace(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, u64 from, u64 to, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Recompute the layer 4 (e.g. TCP, UDP or ICMP) checksum for the
+ * packet associated to *skb*. Computation is incremental, so the
+ * helper must know the former value of the header field that was
+ * modified (*from*), the new value of this field (*to*), and the
+ * number of bytes (2 or 4) for this field, stored on the lowest
+ * four bits of *flags*. Alternatively, it is possible to store
+ * the difference between the previous and the new values of the
+ * header field in *to*, by setting *from* and the four lowest
+ * bits of *flags* to 0. For both methods, *offset* indicates the
+ * location of the IP checksum within the packet. In addition to
+ * the size of the field, *flags* can be added (bitwise OR) actual
+ * flags. With **BPF_F_MARK_MANGLED_0**, a null checksum is left
+ * untouched (unless **BPF_F_MARK_ENFORCE** is added as well), and
+ * for updates resulting in a null checksum the value is set to
+ * **CSUM_MANGLED_0** instead. Flag **BPF_F_PSEUDO_HDR** indicates
+ * the checksum is to be computed against a pseudo-header.
+ *
+ * This helper works in combination with **bpf_csum_diff**\ (),
+ * which does not update the checksum in-place, but offers more
+ * flexibility and can handle sizes larger than 2 or 4 for the
+ * checksum to update.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_tail_call(void *ctx, struct bpf_map *prog_array_map, u32 index)
+ * Description
+ * This special helper is used to trigger a "tail call", or in
+ * other words, to jump into another eBPF program. The same stack
+ * frame is used (but values on stack and in registers for the
+ * caller are not accessible to the callee). This mechanism allows
+ * for program chaining, either for raising the maximum number of
+ * available eBPF instructions, or to execute given programs in
+ * conditional blocks. For security reasons, there is an upper
+ * limit to the number of successive tail calls that can be
+ * performed.
+ *
+ * Upon call of this helper, the program attempts to jump into a
+ * program referenced at index *index* in *prog_array_map*, a
+ * special map of type **BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY**, and passes
+ * *ctx*, a pointer to the context.
+ *
+ * If the call succeeds, the kernel immediately runs the first
+ * instruction of the new program. This is not a function call,
+ * and it never returns to the previous program. If the call
+ * fails, then the helper has no effect, and the caller continues
+ * to run its subsequent instructions. A call can fail if the
+ * destination program for the jump does not exist (i.e. *index*
+ * is superior to the number of entries in *prog_array_map*), or
+ * if the maximum number of tail calls has been reached for this
+ * chain of programs. This limit is defined in the kernel by the
+ * macro **MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT** (not accessible to user space),
+ * which is currently set to 32.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_clone_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 ifindex, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Clone and redirect the packet associated to *skb* to another
+ * net device of index *ifindex*. Both ingress and egress
+ * interfaces can be used for redirection. The **BPF_F_INGRESS**
+ * value in *flags* is used to make the distinction (ingress path
+ * is selected if the flag is present, egress path otherwise).
+ * This is the only flag supported for now.
+ *
+ * In comparison with **bpf_redirect**\ () helper,
+ * **bpf_clone_redirect**\ () has the associated cost of
+ * duplicating the packet buffer, but this can be executed out of
+ * the eBPF program. Conversely, **bpf_redirect**\ () is more
+ * efficient, but it is handled through an action code where the
+ * redirection happens only after the eBPF program has returned.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * u64 bpf_get_current_pid_tgid(void)
+ * Return
+ * A 64-bit integer containing the current tgid and pid, and
+ * created as such:
+ * *current_task*\ **->tgid << 32 \|**
+ * *current_task*\ **->pid**.
+ *
+ * u64 bpf_get_current_uid_gid(void)
+ * Return
+ * A 64-bit integer containing the current GID and UID, and
+ * created as such: *current_gid* **<< 32 \|** *current_uid*.
+ *
+ * int bpf_get_current_comm(char *buf, u32 size_of_buf)
+ * Description
+ * Copy the **comm** attribute of the current task into *buf* of
+ * *size_of_buf*. The **comm** attribute contains the name of
+ * the executable (excluding the path) for the current task. The
+ * *size_of_buf* must be strictly positive. On success, the
+ * helper makes sure that the *buf* is NUL-terminated. On failure,
+ * it is filled with zeroes.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_get_cgroup_classid(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Description
+ * Retrieve the classid for the current task, i.e. for the net_cls
+ * cgroup to which *skb* belongs.
+ *
+ * This helper can be used on TC egress path, but not on ingress.
+ *
+ * The net_cls cgroup provides an interface to tag network packets
+ * based on a user-provided identifier for all traffic coming from
+ * the tasks belonging to the related cgroup. See also the related
+ * kernel documentation, available from the Linux sources in file
+ * *Documentation/cgroup-v1/net_cls.txt*.
+ *
+ * The Linux kernel has two versions for cgroups: there are
+ * cgroups v1 and cgroups v2. Both are available to users, who can
+ * use a mixture of them, but note that the net_cls cgroup is for
+ * cgroup v1 only. This makes it incompatible with BPF programs
+ * run on cgroups, which is a cgroup-v2-only feature (a socket can
+ * only hold data for one version of cgroups at a time).
+ *
+ * This helper is only available is the kernel was compiled with
+ * the **CONFIG_CGROUP_NET_CLASSID** configuration option set to
+ * "**y**" or to "**m**".
+ * Return
+ * The classid, or 0 for the default unconfigured classid.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_vlan_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci)
+ * Description
+ * Push a *vlan_tci* (VLAN tag control information) of protocol
+ * *vlan_proto* to the packet associated to *skb*, then update
+ * the checksum. Note that if *vlan_proto* is different from
+ * **ETH_P_8021Q** and **ETH_P_8021AD**, it is considered to
+ * be **ETH_P_8021Q**.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Description
+ * Pop a VLAN header from the packet associated to *skb*.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_get_tunnel_key(struct sk_buff *skb, struct bpf_tunnel_key *key, u32 size, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Get tunnel metadata. This helper takes a pointer *key* to an
+ * empty **struct bpf_tunnel_key** of **size**, that will be
+ * filled with tunnel metadata for the packet associated to *skb*.
+ * The *flags* can be set to **BPF_F_TUNINFO_IPV6**, which
+ * indicates that the tunnel is based on IPv6 protocol instead of
+ * IPv4.
+ *
+ * The **struct bpf_tunnel_key** is an object that generalizes the
+ * principal parameters used by various tunneling protocols into a
+ * single struct. This way, it can be used to easily make a
+ * decision based on the contents of the encapsulation header,
+ * "summarized" in this struct. In particular, it holds the IP
+ * address of the remote end (IPv4 or IPv6, depending on the case)
+ * in *key*\ **->remote_ipv4** or *key*\ **->remote_ipv6**. Also,
+ * this struct exposes the *key*\ **->tunnel_id**, which is
+ * generally mapped to a VNI (Virtual Network Identifier), making
+ * it programmable together with the **bpf_skb_set_tunnel_key**\
+ * () helper.
+ *
+ * Let's imagine that the following code is part of a program
+ * attached to the TC ingress interface, on one end of a GRE
+ * tunnel, and is supposed to filter out all messages coming from
+ * remote ends with IPv4 address other than 10.0.0.1:
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * int ret;
+ * struct bpf_tunnel_key key = {};
+ *
+ * ret = bpf_skb_get_tunnel_key(skb, &key, sizeof(key), 0);
+ * if (ret < 0)
+ * return TC_ACT_SHOT; // drop packet
+ *
+ * if (key.remote_ipv4 != 0x0a000001)
+ * return TC_ACT_SHOT; // drop packet
+ *
+ * return TC_ACT_OK; // accept packet
+ *
+ * This interface can also be used with all encapsulation devices
+ * that can operate in "collect metadata" mode: instead of having
+ * one network device per specific configuration, the "collect
+ * metadata" mode only requires a single device where the
+ * configuration can be extracted from this helper.
+ *
+ * This can be used together with various tunnels such as VXLan,
+ * Geneve, GRE or IP in IP (IPIP).
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_set_tunnel_key(struct sk_buff *skb, struct bpf_tunnel_key *key, u32 size, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Populate tunnel metadata for packet associated to *skb.* The
+ * tunnel metadata is set to the contents of *key*, of *size*. The
+ * *flags* can be set to a combination of the following values:
+ *
+ * **BPF_F_TUNINFO_IPV6**
+ * Indicate that the tunnel is based on IPv6 protocol
+ * instead of IPv4.
+ * **BPF_F_ZERO_CSUM_TX**
+ * For IPv4 packets, add a flag to tunnel metadata
+ * indicating that checksum computation should be skipped
+ * and checksum set to zeroes.
+ * **BPF_F_DONT_FRAGMENT**
+ * Add a flag to tunnel metadata indicating that the
+ * packet should not be fragmented.
+ * **BPF_F_SEQ_NUMBER**
+ * Add a flag to tunnel metadata indicating that a
+ * sequence number should be added to tunnel header before
+ * sending the packet. This flag was added for GRE
+ * encapsulation, but might be used with other protocols
+ * as well in the future.
+ *
+ * Here is a typical usage on the transmit path:
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * struct bpf_tunnel_key key;
+ * populate key ...
+ * bpf_skb_set_tunnel_key(skb, &key, sizeof(key), 0);
+ * bpf_clone_redirect(skb, vxlan_dev_ifindex, 0);
+ *
+ * See also the description of the **bpf_skb_get_tunnel_key**\ ()
+ * helper for additional information.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * u64 bpf_perf_event_read(struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Read the value of a perf event counter. This helper relies on a
+ * *map* of type **BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY**. The nature of
+ * the perf event counter is selected when *map* is updated with
+ * perf event file descriptors. The *map* is an array whose size
+ * is the number of available CPUs, and each cell contains a value
+ * relative to one CPU. The value to retrieve is indicated by
+ * *flags*, that contains the index of the CPU to look up, masked
+ * with **BPF_F_INDEX_MASK**. Alternatively, *flags* can be set to
+ * **BPF_F_CURRENT_CPU** to indicate that the value for the
+ * current CPU should be retrieved.
+ *
+ * Note that before Linux 4.13, only hardware perf event can be
+ * retrieved.
+ *
+ * Also, be aware that the newer helper
+ * **bpf_perf_event_read_value**\ () is recommended over
+ * **bpf_perf_event_read**\ () in general. The latter has some ABI
+ * quirks where error and counter value are used as a return code
+ * (which is wrong to do since ranges may overlap). This issue is
+ * fixed with **bpf_perf_event_read_value**\ (), which at the same
+ * time provides more features over the **bpf_perf_event_read**\
+ * () interface. Please refer to the description of
+ * **bpf_perf_event_read_value**\ () for details.
+ * Return
+ * The value of the perf event counter read from the map, or a
+ * negative error code in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_redirect(u32 ifindex, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Redirect the packet to another net device of index *ifindex*.
+ * This helper is somewhat similar to **bpf_clone_redirect**\
+ * (), except that the packet is not cloned, which provides
+ * increased performance.
+ *
+ * Except for XDP, both ingress and egress interfaces can be used
+ * for redirection. The **BPF_F_INGRESS** value in *flags* is used
+ * to make the distinction (ingress path is selected if the flag
+ * is present, egress path otherwise). Currently, XDP only
+ * supports redirection to the egress interface, and accepts no
+ * flag at all.
+ *
+ * The same effect can be attained with the more generic
+ * **bpf_redirect_map**\ (), which requires specific maps to be
+ * used but offers better performance.
+ * Return
+ * For XDP, the helper returns **XDP_REDIRECT** on success or
+ * **XDP_ABORTED** on error. For other program types, the values
+ * are **TC_ACT_REDIRECT** on success or **TC_ACT_SHOT** on
+ * error.
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_get_route_realm(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Description
+ * Retrieve the realm or the route, that is to say the
+ * **tclassid** field of the destination for the *skb*. The
+ * indentifier retrieved is a user-provided tag, similar to the
+ * one used with the net_cls cgroup (see description for
+ * **bpf_get_cgroup_classid**\ () helper), but here this tag is
+ * held by a route (a destination entry), not by a task.
+ *
+ * Retrieving this identifier works with the clsact TC egress hook
+ * (see also **tc-bpf(8)**), or alternatively on conventional
+ * classful egress qdiscs, but not on TC ingress path. In case of
+ * clsact TC egress hook, this has the advantage that, internally,
+ * the destination entry has not been dropped yet in the transmit
+ * path. Therefore, the destination entry does not need to be
+ * artificially held via **netif_keep_dst**\ () for a classful
+ * qdisc until the *skb* is freed.
+ *
+ * This helper is available only if the kernel was compiled with
+ * **CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID** configuration option.
+ * Return
+ * The realm of the route for the packet associated to *skb*, or 0
+ * if none was found.
+ *
+ * int bpf_perf_event_output(struct pt_reg *ctx, struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags, void *data, u64 size)
+ * Description
+ * Write raw *data* blob into a special BPF perf event held by
+ * *map* of type **BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY**. This perf
+ * event must have the following attributes: **PERF_SAMPLE_RAW**
+ * as **sample_type**, **PERF_TYPE_SOFTWARE** as **type**, and
+ * **PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT** as **config**.
+ *
+ * The *flags* are used to indicate the index in *map* for which
+ * the value must be put, masked with **BPF_F_INDEX_MASK**.
+ * Alternatively, *flags* can be set to **BPF_F_CURRENT_CPU**
+ * to indicate that the index of the current CPU core should be
+ * used.
+ *
+ * The value to write, of *size*, is passed through eBPF stack and
+ * pointed by *data*.
+ *
+ * The context of the program *ctx* needs also be passed to the
+ * helper.
+ *
+ * On user space, a program willing to read the values needs to
+ * call **perf_event_open**\ () on the perf event (either for
+ * one or for all CPUs) and to store the file descriptor into the
+ * *map*. This must be done before the eBPF program can send data
+ * into it. An example is available in file
+ * *samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c* in the Linux kernel source
+ * tree (the eBPF program counterpart is in
+ * *samples/bpf/trace_output_kern.c*).
+ *
+ * **bpf_perf_event_output**\ () achieves better performance
+ * than **bpf_trace_printk**\ () for sharing data with user
+ * space, and is much better suitable for streaming data from eBPF
+ * programs.
+ *
+ * Note that this helper is not restricted to tracing use cases
+ * and can be used with programs attached to TC or XDP as well,
+ * where it allows for passing data to user space listeners. Data
+ * can be:
+ *
+ * * Only custom structs,
+ * * Only the packet payload, or
+ * * A combination of both.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_load_bytes(const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, void *to, u32 len)
+ * Description
+ * This helper was provided as an easy way to load data from a
+ * packet. It can be used to load *len* bytes from *offset* from
+ * the packet associated to *skb*, into the buffer pointed by
+ * *to*.
+ *
+ * Since Linux 4.7, usage of this helper has mostly been replaced
+ * by "direct packet access", enabling packet data to be
+ * manipulated with *skb*\ **->data** and *skb*\ **->data_end**
+ * pointing respectively to the first byte of packet data and to
+ * the byte after the last byte of packet data. However, it
+ * remains useful if one wishes to read large quantities of data
+ * at once from a packet into the eBPF stack.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_get_stackid(struct pt_reg *ctx, struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Walk a user or a kernel stack and return its id. To achieve
+ * this, the helper needs *ctx*, which is a pointer to the context
+ * on which the tracing program is executed, and a pointer to a
+ * *map* of type **BPF_MAP_TYPE_STACK_TRACE**.
+ *
+ * The last argument, *flags*, holds the number of stack frames to
+ * skip (from 0 to 255), masked with
+ * **BPF_F_SKIP_FIELD_MASK**. The next bits can be used to set
+ * a combination of the following flags:
+ *
+ * **BPF_F_USER_STACK**
+ * Collect a user space stack instead of a kernel stack.
+ * **BPF_F_FAST_STACK_CMP**
+ * Compare stacks by hash only.
+ * **BPF_F_REUSE_STACKID**
+ * If two different stacks hash into the same *stackid*,
+ * discard the old one.
+ *
+ * The stack id retrieved is a 32 bit long integer handle which
+ * can be further combined with other data (including other stack
+ * ids) and used as a key into maps. This can be useful for
+ * generating a variety of graphs (such as flame graphs or off-cpu
+ * graphs).
+ *
+ * For walking a stack, this helper is an improvement over
+ * **bpf_probe_read**\ (), which can be used with unrolled loops
+ * but is not efficient and consumes a lot of eBPF instructions.
+ * Instead, **bpf_get_stackid**\ () can collect up to
+ * **PERF_MAX_STACK_DEPTH** both kernel and user frames. Note that
+ * this limit can be controlled with the **sysctl** program, and
+ * that it should be manually increased in order to profile long
+ * user stacks (such as stacks for Java programs). To do so, use:
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * # sysctl kernel.perf_event_max_stack=<new value>
+ * Return
+ * The positive or null stack id on success, or a negative error
+ * in case of failure.
+ *
+ * s64 bpf_csum_diff(__be32 *from, u32 from_size, __be32 *to, u32 to_size, __wsum seed)
+ * Description
+ * Compute a checksum difference, from the raw buffer pointed by
+ * *from*, of length *from_size* (that must be a multiple of 4),
+ * towards the raw buffer pointed by *to*, of size *to_size*
+ * (same remark). An optional *seed* can be added to the value
+ * (this can be cascaded, the seed may come from a previous call
+ * to the helper).
+ *
+ * This is flexible enough to be used in several ways:
+ *
+ * * With *from_size* == 0, *to_size* > 0 and *seed* set to
+ * checksum, it can be used when pushing new data.
+ * * With *from_size* > 0, *to_size* == 0 and *seed* set to
+ * checksum, it can be used when removing data from a packet.
+ * * With *from_size* > 0, *to_size* > 0 and *seed* set to 0, it
+ * can be used to compute a diff. Note that *from_size* and
+ * *to_size* do not need to be equal.
+ *
+ * This helper can be used in combination with
+ * **bpf_l3_csum_replace**\ () and **bpf_l4_csum_replace**\ (), to
+ * which one can feed in the difference computed with
+ * **bpf_csum_diff**\ ().
+ * Return
+ * The checksum result, or a negative error code in case of
+ * failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_get_tunnel_opt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *opt, u32 size)
+ * Description
+ * Retrieve tunnel options metadata for the packet associated to
+ * *skb*, and store the raw tunnel option data to the buffer *opt*
+ * of *size*.
+ *
+ * This helper can be used with encapsulation devices that can
+ * operate in "collect metadata" mode (please refer to the related
+ * note in the description of **bpf_skb_get_tunnel_key**\ () for
+ * more details). A particular example where this can be used is
+ * in combination with the Geneve encapsulation protocol, where it
+ * allows for pushing (with **bpf_skb_get_tunnel_opt**\ () helper)
+ * and retrieving arbitrary TLVs (Type-Length-Value headers) from
+ * the eBPF program. This allows for full customization of these
+ * headers.
+ * Return
+ * The size of the option data retrieved.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_set_tunnel_opt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *opt, u32 size)
+ * Description
+ * Set tunnel options metadata for the packet associated to *skb*
+ * to the option data contained in the raw buffer *opt* of *size*.
+ *
+ * See also the description of the **bpf_skb_get_tunnel_opt**\ ()
+ * helper for additional information.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_change_proto(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 proto, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Change the protocol of the *skb* to *proto*. Currently
+ * supported are transition from IPv4 to IPv6, and from IPv6 to
+ * IPv4. The helper takes care of the groundwork for the
+ * transition, including resizing the socket buffer. The eBPF
+ * program is expected to fill the new headers, if any, via
+ * **skb_store_bytes**\ () and to recompute the checksums with
+ * **bpf_l3_csum_replace**\ () and **bpf_l4_csum_replace**\
+ * (). The main case for this helper is to perform NAT64
+ * operations out of an eBPF program.
+ *
+ * Internally, the GSO type is marked as dodgy so that headers are
+ * checked and segments are recalculated by the GSO/GRO engine.
+ * The size for GSO target is adapted as well.
+ *
+ * All values for *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_change_type(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 type)
+ * Description
+ * Change the packet type for the packet associated to *skb*. This
+ * comes down to setting *skb*\ **->pkt_type** to *type*, except
+ * the eBPF program does not have a write access to *skb*\
+ * **->pkt_type** beside this helper. Using a helper here allows
+ * for graceful handling of errors.
+ *
+ * The major use case is to change incoming *skb*s to
+ * **PACKET_HOST** in a programmatic way instead of having to
+ * recirculate via **redirect**\ (..., **BPF_F_INGRESS**), for
+ * example.
+ *
+ * Note that *type* only allows certain values. At this time, they
+ * are:
+ *
+ * **PACKET_HOST**
+ * Packet is for us.
+ * **PACKET_BROADCAST**
+ * Send packet to all.
+ * **PACKET_MULTICAST**
+ * Send packet to group.
+ * **PACKET_OTHERHOST**
+ * Send packet to someone else.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_under_cgroup(struct sk_buff *skb, struct bpf_map *map, u32 index)
+ * Description
+ * Check whether *skb* is a descendant of the cgroup2 held by
+ * *map* of type **BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY**, at *index*.
+ * Return
+ * The return value depends on the result of the test, and can be:
+ *
+ * * 0, if the *skb* failed the cgroup2 descendant test.
+ * * 1, if the *skb* succeeded the cgroup2 descendant test.
+ * * A negative error code, if an error occurred.
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_get_hash_recalc(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Description
+ * Retrieve the hash of the packet, *skb*\ **->hash**. If it is
+ * not set, in particular if the hash was cleared due to mangling,
+ * recompute this hash. Later accesses to the hash can be done
+ * directly with *skb*\ **->hash**.
+ *
+ * Calling **bpf_set_hash_invalid**\ (), changing a packet
+ * prototype with **bpf_skb_change_proto**\ (), or calling
+ * **bpf_skb_store_bytes**\ () with the
+ * **BPF_F_INVALIDATE_HASH** are actions susceptible to clear
+ * the hash and to trigger a new computation for the next call to
+ * **bpf_get_hash_recalc**\ ().
+ * Return
+ * The 32-bit hash.
+ *
+ * u64 bpf_get_current_task(void)
+ * Return
+ * A pointer to the current task struct.
+ *
+ * int bpf_probe_write_user(void *dst, const void *src, u32 len)
+ * Description
+ * Attempt in a safe way to write *len* bytes from the buffer
+ * *src* to *dst* in memory. It only works for threads that are in
+ * user context, and *dst* must be a valid user space address.
+ *
+ * This helper should not be used to implement any kind of
+ * security mechanism because of TOC-TOU attacks, but rather to
+ * debug, divert, and manipulate execution of semi-cooperative
+ * processes.
+ *
+ * Keep in mind that this feature is meant for experiments, and it
+ * has a risk of crashing the system and running programs.
+ * Therefore, when an eBPF program using this helper is attached,
+ * a warning including PID and process name is printed to kernel
+ * logs.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_current_task_under_cgroup(struct bpf_map *map, u32 index)
+ * Description
+ * Check whether the probe is being run is the context of a given
+ * subset of the cgroup2 hierarchy. The cgroup2 to test is held by
+ * *map* of type **BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY**, at *index*.
+ * Return
+ * The return value depends on the result of the test, and can be:
+ *
+ * * 0, if the *skb* task belongs to the cgroup2.
+ * * 1, if the *skb* task does not belong to the cgroup2.
+ * * A negative error code, if an error occurred.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_change_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Resize (trim or grow) the packet associated to *skb* to the
+ * new *len*. The *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ *
+ * The basic idea is that the helper performs the needed work to
+ * change the size of the packet, then the eBPF program rewrites
+ * the rest via helpers like **bpf_skb_store_bytes**\ (),
+ * **bpf_l3_csum_replace**\ (), **bpf_l3_csum_replace**\ ()
+ * and others. This helper is a slow path utility intended for
+ * replies with control messages. And because it is targeted for
+ * slow path, the helper itself can afford to be slow: it
+ * implicitly linearizes, unclones and drops offloads from the
+ * *skb*.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_pull_data(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len)
+ * Description
+ * Pull in non-linear data in case the *skb* is non-linear and not
+ * all of *len* are part of the linear section. Make *len* bytes
+ * from *skb* readable and writable. If a zero value is passed for
+ * *len*, then the whole length of the *skb* is pulled.
+ *
+ * This helper is only needed for reading and writing with direct
+ * packet access.
+ *
+ * For direct packet access, testing that offsets to access
+ * are within packet boundaries (test on *skb*\ **->data_end**) is
+ * susceptible to fail if offsets are invalid, or if the requested
+ * data is in non-linear parts of the *skb*. On failure the
+ * program can just bail out, or in the case of a non-linear
+ * buffer, use a helper to make the data available. The
+ * **bpf_skb_load_bytes**\ () helper is a first solution to access
+ * the data. Another one consists in using **bpf_skb_pull_data**
+ * to pull in once the non-linear parts, then retesting and
+ * eventually access the data.
+ *
+ * At the same time, this also makes sure the *skb* is uncloned,
+ * which is a necessary condition for direct write. As this needs
+ * to be an invariant for the write part only, the verifier
+ * detects writes and adds a prologue that is calling
+ * **bpf_skb_pull_data()** to effectively unclone the *skb* from
+ * the very beginning in case it is indeed cloned.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * s64 bpf_csum_update(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum csum)
+ * Description
+ * Add the checksum *csum* into *skb*\ **->csum** in case the
+ * driver has supplied a checksum for the entire packet into that
+ * field. Return an error otherwise. This helper is intended to be
+ * used in combination with **bpf_csum_diff**\ (), in particular
+ * when the checksum needs to be updated after data has been
+ * written into the packet through direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * The checksum on success, or a negative error code in case of
+ * failure.
+ *
+ * void bpf_set_hash_invalid(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Description
+ * Invalidate the current *skb*\ **->hash**. It can be used after
+ * mangling on headers through direct packet access, in order to
+ * indicate that the hash is outdated and to trigger a
+ * recalculation the next time the kernel tries to access this
+ * hash or when the **bpf_get_hash_recalc**\ () helper is called.
+ *
+ * int bpf_get_numa_node_id(void)
+ * Description
+ * Return the id of the current NUMA node. The primary use case
+ * for this helper is the selection of sockets for the local NUMA
+ * node, when the program is attached to sockets using the
+ * **SO_ATTACH_REUSEPORT_EBPF** option (see also **socket(7)**),
+ * but the helper is also available to other eBPF program types,
+ * similarly to **bpf_get_smp_processor_id**\ ().
+ * Return
+ * The id of current NUMA node.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_change_head(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Grows headroom of packet associated to *skb* and adjusts the
+ * offset of the MAC header accordingly, adding *len* bytes of
+ * space. It automatically extends and reallocates memory as
+ * required.
+ *
+ * This helper can be used on a layer 3 *skb* to push a MAC header
+ * for redirection into a layer 2 device.
+ *
+ * All values for *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_xdp_adjust_head(struct xdp_buff *xdp_md, int delta)
+ * Description
+ * Adjust (move) *xdp_md*\ **->data** by *delta* bytes. Note that
+ * it is possible to use a negative value for *delta*. This helper
+ * can be used to prepare the packet for pushing or popping
+ * headers.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_probe_read_str(void *dst, int size, const void *unsafe_ptr)
+ * Description
+ * Copy a NUL terminated string from an unsafe address
+ * *unsafe_ptr* to *dst*. The *size* should include the
+ * terminating NUL byte. In case the string length is smaller than
+ * *size*, the target is not padded with further NUL bytes. If the
+ * string length is larger than *size*, just *size*-1 bytes are
+ * copied and the last byte is set to NUL.
+ *
+ * On success, the length of the copied string is returned. This
+ * makes this helper useful in tracing programs for reading
+ * strings, and more importantly to get its length at runtime. See
+ * the following snippet:
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * SEC("kprobe/sys_open")
+ * void bpf_sys_open(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+ * {
+ * char buf[PATHLEN]; // PATHLEN is defined to 256
+ * int res = bpf_probe_read_str(buf, sizeof(buf),
+ * ctx->di);
+ *
+ * // Consume buf, for example push it to
+ * // userspace via bpf_perf_event_output(); we
+ * // can use res (the string length) as event
+ * // size, after checking its boundaries.
+ * }
+ *
+ * In comparison, using **bpf_probe_read()** helper here instead
+ * to read the string would require to estimate the length at
+ * compile time, and would often result in copying more memory
+ * than necessary.
+ *
+ * Another useful use case is when parsing individual process
+ * arguments or individual environment variables navigating
+ * *current*\ **->mm->arg_start** and *current*\
+ * **->mm->env_start**: using this helper and the return value,
+ * one can quickly iterate at the right offset of the memory area.
+ * Return
+ * On success, the strictly positive length of the string,
+ * including the trailing NUL character. On error, a negative
+ * value.
+ *
+ * u64 bpf_get_socket_cookie(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Description
+ * If the **struct sk_buff** pointed by *skb* has a known socket,
+ * retrieve the cookie (generated by the kernel) of this socket.
+ * If no cookie has been set yet, generate a new cookie. Once
+ * generated, the socket cookie remains stable for the life of the
+ * socket. This helper can be useful for monitoring per socket
+ * networking traffic statistics as it provides a unique socket
+ * identifier per namespace.
+ * Return
+ * A 8-byte long non-decreasing number on success, or 0 if the
+ * socket field is missing inside *skb*.
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_get_socket_uid(struct sk_buff *skb)
+ * Return
+ * The owner UID of the socket associated to *skb*. If the socket
+ * is **NULL**, or if it is not a full socket (i.e. if it is a
+ * time-wait or a request socket instead), **overflowuid** value
+ * is returned (note that **overflowuid** might also be the actual
+ * UID value for the socket).
+ *
+ * u32 bpf_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 hash)
+ * Description
+ * Set the full hash for *skb* (set the field *skb*\ **->hash**)
+ * to value *hash*.
+ * Return
+ * 0
+ *
+ * int bpf_setsockopt(struct bpf_sock_ops *bpf_socket, int level, int optname, char *optval, int optlen)
+ * Description
+ * Emulate a call to **setsockopt()** on the socket associated to
+ * *bpf_socket*, which must be a full socket. The *level* at
+ * which the option resides and the name *optname* of the option
+ * must be specified, see **setsockopt(2)** for more information.
+ * The option value of length *optlen* is pointed by *optval*.
+ *
+ * This helper actually implements a subset of **setsockopt()**.
+ * It supports the following *level*\ s:
+ *
+ * * **SOL_SOCKET**, which supports the following *optname*\ s:
+ * **SO_RCVBUF**, **SO_SNDBUF**, **SO_MAX_PACING_RATE**,
+ * **SO_PRIORITY**, **SO_RCVLOWAT**, **SO_MARK**.
+ * * **IPPROTO_TCP**, which supports the following *optname*\ s:
+ * **TCP_CONGESTION**, **TCP_BPF_IW**,
+ * **TCP_BPF_SNDCWND_CLAMP**.
+ * * **IPPROTO_IP**, which supports *optname* **IP_TOS**.
+ * * **IPPROTO_IPV6**, which supports *optname* **IPV6_TCLASS**.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_adjust_room(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len_diff, u32 mode, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Grow or shrink the room for data in the packet associated to
+ * *skb* by *len_diff*, and according to the selected *mode*.
+ *
+ * There is a single supported mode at this time:
+ *
+ * * **BPF_ADJ_ROOM_NET**: Adjust room at the network layer
+ * (room space is added or removed below the layer 3 header).
+ *
+ * All values for *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_redirect_map(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Redirect the packet to the endpoint referenced by *map* at
+ * index *key*. Depending on its type, this *map* can contain
+ * references to net devices (for forwarding packets through other
+ * ports), or to CPUs (for redirecting XDP frames to another CPU;
+ * but this is only implemented for native XDP (with driver
+ * support) as of this writing).
+ *
+ * All values for *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ *
+ * When used to redirect packets to net devices, this helper
+ * provides a high performance increase over **bpf_redirect**\ ().
+ * This is due to various implementation details of the underlying
+ * mechanisms, one of which is the fact that **bpf_redirect_map**\
+ * () tries to send packet as a "bulk" to the device.
+ * Return
+ * **XDP_REDIRECT** on success, or **XDP_ABORTED** on error.
+ *
+ * int bpf_sk_redirect_map(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Redirect the packet to the socket referenced by *map* (of type
+ * **BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKMAP**) at index *key*. Both ingress and
+ * egress interfaces can be used for redirection. The
+ * **BPF_F_INGRESS** value in *flags* is used to make the
+ * distinction (ingress path is selected if the flag is present,
+ * egress path otherwise). This is the only flag supported for now.
+ * Return
+ * **SK_PASS** on success, or **SK_DROP** on error.
+ *
+ * int bpf_sock_map_update(struct bpf_sock_ops *skops, struct bpf_map *map, void *key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Add an entry to, or update a *map* referencing sockets. The
+ * *skops* is used as a new value for the entry associated to
+ * *key*. *flags* is one of:
+ *
+ * **BPF_NOEXIST**
+ * The entry for *key* must not exist in the map.
+ * **BPF_EXIST**
+ * The entry for *key* must already exist in the map.
+ * **BPF_ANY**
+ * No condition on the existence of the entry for *key*.
+ *
+ * If the *map* has eBPF programs (parser and verdict), those will
+ * be inherited by the socket being added. If the socket is
+ * already attached to eBPF programs, this results in an error.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_xdp_adjust_meta(struct xdp_buff *xdp_md, int delta)
+ * Description
+ * Adjust the address pointed by *xdp_md*\ **->data_meta** by
+ * *delta* (which can be positive or negative). Note that this
+ * operation modifies the address stored in *xdp_md*\ **->data**,
+ * so the latter must be loaded only after the helper has been
+ * called.
+ *
+ * The use of *xdp_md*\ **->data_meta** is optional and programs
+ * are not required to use it. The rationale is that when the
+ * packet is processed with XDP (e.g. as DoS filter), it is
+ * possible to push further meta data along with it before passing
+ * to the stack, and to give the guarantee that an ingress eBPF
+ * program attached as a TC classifier on the same device can pick
+ * this up for further post-processing. Since TC works with socket
+ * buffers, it remains possible to set from XDP the **mark** or
+ * **priority** pointers, or other pointers for the socket buffer.
+ * Having this scratch space generic and programmable allows for
+ * more flexibility as the user is free to store whatever meta
+ * data they need.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_perf_event_read_value(struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags, struct bpf_perf_event_value *buf, u32 buf_size)
+ * Description
+ * Read the value of a perf event counter, and store it into *buf*
+ * of size *buf_size*. This helper relies on a *map* of type
+ * **BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY**. The nature of the perf event
+ * counter is selected when *map* is updated with perf event file
+ * descriptors. The *map* is an array whose size is the number of
+ * available CPUs, and each cell contains a value relative to one
+ * CPU. The value to retrieve is indicated by *flags*, that
+ * contains the index of the CPU to look up, masked with
+ * **BPF_F_INDEX_MASK**. Alternatively, *flags* can be set to
+ * **BPF_F_CURRENT_CPU** to indicate that the value for the
+ * current CPU should be retrieved.
+ *
+ * This helper behaves in a way close to
+ * **bpf_perf_event_read**\ () helper, save that instead of
+ * just returning the value observed, it fills the *buf*
+ * structure. This allows for additional data to be retrieved: in
+ * particular, the enabled and running times (in *buf*\
+ * **->enabled** and *buf*\ **->running**, respectively) are
+ * copied. In general, **bpf_perf_event_read_value**\ () is
+ * recommended over **bpf_perf_event_read**\ (), which has some
+ * ABI issues and provides fewer functionalities.
+ *
+ * These values are interesting, because hardware PMU (Performance
+ * Monitoring Unit) counters are limited resources. When there are
+ * more PMU based perf events opened than available counters,
+ * kernel will multiplex these events so each event gets certain
+ * percentage (but not all) of the PMU time. In case that
+ * multiplexing happens, the number of samples or counter value
+ * will not reflect the case compared to when no multiplexing
+ * occurs. This makes comparison between different runs difficult.
+ * Typically, the counter value should be normalized before
+ * comparing to other experiments. The usual normalization is done
+ * as follows.
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * normalized_counter = counter * t_enabled / t_running
+ *
+ * Where t_enabled is the time enabled for event and t_running is
+ * the time running for event since last normalization. The
+ * enabled and running times are accumulated since the perf event
+ * open. To achieve scaling factor between two invocations of an
+ * eBPF program, users can can use CPU id as the key (which is
+ * typical for perf array usage model) to remember the previous
+ * value and do the calculation inside the eBPF program.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_perf_prog_read_value(struct bpf_perf_event_data *ctx, struct bpf_perf_event_value *buf, u32 buf_size)
+ * Description
+ * For en eBPF program attached to a perf event, retrieve the
+ * value of the event counter associated to *ctx* and store it in
+ * the structure pointed by *buf* and of size *buf_size*. Enabled
+ * and running times are also stored in the structure (see
+ * description of helper **bpf_perf_event_read_value**\ () for
+ * more details).
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_getsockopt(struct bpf_sock_ops *bpf_socket, int level, int optname, char *optval, int optlen)
+ * Description
+ * Emulate a call to **getsockopt()** on the socket associated to
+ * *bpf_socket*, which must be a full socket. The *level* at
+ * which the option resides and the name *optname* of the option
+ * must be specified, see **getsockopt(2)** for more information.
+ * The retrieved value is stored in the structure pointed by
+ * *opval* and of length *optlen*.
+ *
+ * This helper actually implements a subset of **getsockopt()**.
+ * It supports the following *level*\ s:
+ *
+ * * **IPPROTO_TCP**, which supports *optname*
+ * **TCP_CONGESTION**.
+ * * **IPPROTO_IP**, which supports *optname* **IP_TOS**.
+ * * **IPPROTO_IPV6**, which supports *optname* **IPV6_TCLASS**.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_override_return(struct pt_reg *regs, u64 rc)
+ * Description
+ * Used for error injection, this helper uses kprobes to override
+ * the return value of the probed function, and to set it to *rc*.
+ * The first argument is the context *regs* on which the kprobe
+ * works.
+ *
+ * This helper works by setting setting the PC (program counter)
+ * to an override function which is run in place of the original
+ * probed function. This means the probed function is not run at
+ * all. The replacement function just returns with the required
+ * value.
+ *
+ * This helper has security implications, and thus is subject to
+ * restrictions. It is only available if the kernel was compiled
+ * with the **CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE** configuration
+ * option, and in this case it only works on functions tagged with
+ * **ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION** in the kernel code.
+ *
+ * Also, the helper is only available for the architectures having
+ * the CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION option. As of this writing,
+ * x86 architecture is the only one to support this feature.
+ * Return
+ * 0
+ *
+ * int bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags_set(struct bpf_sock_ops *bpf_sock, int argval)
+ * Description
+ * Attempt to set the value of the **bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags** field
+ * for the full TCP socket associated to *bpf_sock_ops* to
+ * *argval*.
+ *
+ * The primary use of this field is to determine if there should
+ * be calls to eBPF programs of type
+ * **BPF_PROG_TYPE_SOCK_OPS** at various points in the TCP
+ * code. A program of the same type can change its value, per
+ * connection and as necessary, when the connection is
+ * established. This field is directly accessible for reading, but
+ * this helper must be used for updates in order to return an
+ * error if an eBPF program tries to set a callback that is not
+ * supported in the current kernel.
+ *
+ * The supported callback values that *argval* can combine are:
+ *
+ * * **BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTO_CB_FLAG** (retransmission time out)
+ * * **BPF_SOCK_OPS_RETRANS_CB_FLAG** (retransmission)
+ * * **BPF_SOCK_OPS_STATE_CB_FLAG** (TCP state change)
+ *
+ * Here are some examples of where one could call such eBPF
+ * program:
+ *
+ * * When RTO fires.
+ * * When a packet is retransmitted.
+ * * When the connection terminates.
+ * * When a packet is sent.
+ * * When a packet is received.
+ * Return
+ * Code **-EINVAL** if the socket is not a full TCP socket;
+ * otherwise, a positive number containing the bits that could not
+ * be set is returned (which comes down to 0 if all bits were set
+ * as required).
+ *
+ * int bpf_msg_redirect_map(struct sk_msg_buff *msg, struct bpf_map *map, u32 key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is used in programs implementing policies at the
+ * socket level. If the message *msg* is allowed to pass (i.e. if
+ * the verdict eBPF program returns **SK_PASS**), redirect it to
+ * the socket referenced by *map* (of type
+ * **BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKMAP**) at index *key*. Both ingress and
+ * egress interfaces can be used for redirection. The
+ * **BPF_F_INGRESS** value in *flags* is used to make the
+ * distinction (ingress path is selected if the flag is present,
+ * egress path otherwise). This is the only flag supported for now.
+ * Return
+ * **SK_PASS** on success, or **SK_DROP** on error.
+ *
+ * int bpf_msg_apply_bytes(struct sk_msg_buff *msg, u32 bytes)
+ * Description
+ * For socket policies, apply the verdict of the eBPF program to
+ * the next *bytes* (number of bytes) of message *msg*.
+ *
+ * For example, this helper can be used in the following cases:
+ *
+ * * A single **sendmsg**\ () or **sendfile**\ () system call
+ * contains multiple logical messages that the eBPF program is
+ * supposed to read and for which it should apply a verdict.
+ * * An eBPF program only cares to read the first *bytes* of a
+ * *msg*. If the message has a large payload, then setting up
+ * and calling the eBPF program repeatedly for all bytes, even
+ * though the verdict is already known, would create unnecessary
+ * overhead.
+ *
+ * When called from within an eBPF program, the helper sets a
+ * counter internal to the BPF infrastructure, that is used to
+ * apply the last verdict to the next *bytes*. If *bytes* is
+ * smaller than the current data being processed from a
+ * **sendmsg**\ () or **sendfile**\ () system call, the first
+ * *bytes* will be sent and the eBPF program will be re-run with
+ * the pointer for start of data pointing to byte number *bytes*
+ * **+ 1**. If *bytes* is larger than the current data being
+ * processed, then the eBPF verdict will be applied to multiple
+ * **sendmsg**\ () or **sendfile**\ () calls until *bytes* are
+ * consumed.
+ *
+ * Note that if a socket closes with the internal counter holding
+ * a non-zero value, this is not a problem because data is not
+ * being buffered for *bytes* and is sent as it is received.
+ * Return
+ * 0
+ *
+ * int bpf_msg_cork_bytes(struct sk_msg_buff *msg, u32 bytes)
+ * Description
+ * For socket policies, prevent the execution of the verdict eBPF
+ * program for message *msg* until *bytes* (byte number) have been
+ * accumulated.
+ *
+ * This can be used when one needs a specific number of bytes
+ * before a verdict can be assigned, even if the data spans
+ * multiple **sendmsg**\ () or **sendfile**\ () calls. The extreme
+ * case would be a user calling **sendmsg**\ () repeatedly with
+ * 1-byte long message segments. Obviously, this is bad for
+ * performance, but it is still valid. If the eBPF program needs
+ * *bytes* bytes to validate a header, this helper can be used to
+ * prevent the eBPF program to be called again until *bytes* have
+ * been accumulated.
+ * Return
+ * 0
+ *
+ * int bpf_msg_pull_data(struct sk_msg_buff *msg, u32 start, u32 end, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * For socket policies, pull in non-linear data from user space
+ * for *msg* and set pointers *msg*\ **->data** and *msg*\
+ * **->data_end** to *start* and *end* bytes offsets into *msg*,
+ * respectively.
+ *
+ * If a program of type **BPF_PROG_TYPE_SK_MSG** is run on a
+ * *msg* it can only parse data that the (**data**, **data_end**)
+ * pointers have already consumed. For **sendmsg**\ () hooks this
+ * is likely the first scatterlist element. But for calls relying
+ * on the **sendpage** handler (e.g. **sendfile**\ ()) this will
+ * be the range (**0**, **0**) because the data is shared with
+ * user space and by default the objective is to avoid allowing
+ * user space to modify data while (or after) eBPF verdict is
+ * being decided. This helper can be used to pull in data and to
+ * set the start and end pointer to given values. Data will be
+ * copied if necessary (i.e. if data was not linear and if start
+ * and end pointers do not point to the same chunk).
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ *
+ * All values for *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_bind(struct bpf_sock_addr *ctx, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len)
+ * Description
+ * Bind the socket associated to *ctx* to the address pointed by
+ * *addr*, of length *addr_len*. This allows for making outgoing
+ * connection from the desired IP address, which can be useful for
+ * example when all processes inside a cgroup should use one
+ * single IP address on a host that has multiple IP configured.
+ *
+ * This helper works for IPv4 and IPv6, TCP and UDP sockets. The
+ * domain (*addr*\ **->sa_family**) must be **AF_INET** (or
+ * **AF_INET6**). Looking for a free port to bind to can be
+ * expensive, therefore binding to port is not permitted by the
+ * helper: *addr*\ **->sin_port** (or **sin6_port**, respectively)
+ * must be set to zero.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_xdp_adjust_tail(struct xdp_buff *xdp_md, int delta)
+ * Description
+ * Adjust (move) *xdp_md*\ **->data_end** by *delta* bytes. It is
+ * only possible to shrink the packet as of this writing,
+ * therefore *delta* must be a negative integer.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_skb_get_xfrm_state(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 index, struct bpf_xfrm_state *xfrm_state, u32 size, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Retrieve the XFRM state (IP transform framework, see also
+ * **ip-xfrm(8)**) at *index* in XFRM "security path" for *skb*.
+ *
+ * The retrieved value is stored in the **struct bpf_xfrm_state**
+ * pointed by *xfrm_state* and of length *size*.
+ *
+ * All values for *flags* are reserved for future usage, and must
+ * be left at zero.
+ *
+ * This helper is available only if the kernel was compiled with
+ * **CONFIG_XFRM** configuration option.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_get_stack(struct pt_regs *regs, void *buf, u32 size, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Return a user or a kernel stack in bpf program provided buffer.
+ * To achieve this, the helper needs *ctx*, which is a pointer
+ * to the context on which the tracing program is executed.
+ * To store the stacktrace, the bpf program provides *buf* with
+ * a nonnegative *size*.
+ *
+ * The last argument, *flags*, holds the number of stack frames to
+ * skip (from 0 to 255), masked with
+ * **BPF_F_SKIP_FIELD_MASK**. The next bits can be used to set
+ * the following flags:
+ *
+ * **BPF_F_USER_STACK**
+ * Collect a user space stack instead of a kernel stack.
+ * **BPF_F_USER_BUILD_ID**
+ * Collect buildid+offset instead of ips for user stack,
+ * only valid if **BPF_F_USER_STACK** is also specified.
+ *
+ * **bpf_get_stack**\ () can collect up to
+ * **PERF_MAX_STACK_DEPTH** both kernel and user frames, subject
+ * to sufficient large buffer size. Note that
+ * this limit can be controlled with the **sysctl** program, and
+ * that it should be manually increased in order to profile long
+ * user stacks (such as stacks for Java programs). To do so, use:
+ *
+ * ::
+ *
+ * # sysctl kernel.perf_event_max_stack=<new value>
+ * Return
+ * A non-negative value equal to or less than *size* on success,
+ * or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int skb_load_bytes_relative(const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, void *to, u32 len, u32 start_header)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is similar to **bpf_skb_load_bytes**\ () in that
+ * it provides an easy way to load *len* bytes from *offset*
+ * from the packet associated to *skb*, into the buffer pointed
+ * by *to*. The difference to **bpf_skb_load_bytes**\ () is that
+ * a fifth argument *start_header* exists in order to select a
+ * base offset to start from. *start_header* can be one of:
+ *
+ * **BPF_HDR_START_MAC**
+ * Base offset to load data from is *skb*'s mac header.
+ * **BPF_HDR_START_NET**
+ * Base offset to load data from is *skb*'s network header.
+ *
+ * In general, "direct packet access" is the preferred method to
+ * access packet data, however, this helper is in particular useful
+ * in socket filters where *skb*\ **->data** does not always point
+ * to the start of the mac header and where "direct packet access"
+ * is not available.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_fib_lookup(void *ctx, struct bpf_fib_lookup *params, int plen, u32 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Do FIB lookup in kernel tables using parameters in *params*.
+ * If lookup is successful and result shows packet is to be
+ * forwarded, the neighbor tables are searched for the nexthop.
+ * If successful (ie., FIB lookup shows forwarding and nexthop
+ * is resolved), the nexthop address is returned in ipv4_dst
+ * or ipv6_dst based on family, smac is set to mac address of
+ * egress device, dmac is set to nexthop mac address, rt_metric
+ * is set to metric from route (IPv4/IPv6 only).
+ *
+ * *plen* argument is the size of the passed in struct.
+ * *flags* argument can be a combination of one or more of the
+ * following values:
+ *
+ * **BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_DIRECT**
+ * Do a direct table lookup vs full lookup using FIB
+ * rules.
+ * **BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_OUTPUT**
+ * Perform lookup from an egress perspective (default is
+ * ingress).
+ *
+ * *ctx* is either **struct xdp_md** for XDP programs or
+ * **struct sk_buff** tc cls_act programs.
+ * Return
+ * Egress device index on success, 0 if packet needs to continue
+ * up the stack for further processing or a negative error in case
+ * of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_sock_hash_update(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct bpf_map *map, void *key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * Add an entry to, or update a sockhash *map* referencing sockets.
+ * The *skops* is used as a new value for the entry associated to
+ * *key*. *flags* is one of:
+ *
+ * **BPF_NOEXIST**
+ * The entry for *key* must not exist in the map.
+ * **BPF_EXIST**
+ * The entry for *key* must already exist in the map.
+ * **BPF_ANY**
+ * No condition on the existence of the entry for *key*.
+ *
+ * If the *map* has eBPF programs (parser and verdict), those will
+ * be inherited by the socket being added. If the socket is
+ * already attached to eBPF programs, this results in an error.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_msg_redirect_hash(struct sk_msg_buff *msg, struct bpf_map *map, void *key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is used in programs implementing policies at the
+ * socket level. If the message *msg* is allowed to pass (i.e. if
+ * the verdict eBPF program returns **SK_PASS**), redirect it to
+ * the socket referenced by *map* (of type
+ * **BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKHASH**) using hash *key*. Both ingress and
+ * egress interfaces can be used for redirection. The
+ * **BPF_F_INGRESS** value in *flags* is used to make the
+ * distinction (ingress path is selected if the flag is present,
+ * egress path otherwise). This is the only flag supported for now.
+ * Return
+ * **SK_PASS** on success, or **SK_DROP** on error.
+ *
+ * int bpf_sk_redirect_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, struct bpf_map *map, void *key, u64 flags)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is used in programs implementing policies at the
+ * skb socket level. If the sk_buff *skb* is allowed to pass (i.e.
+ * if the verdeict eBPF program returns **SK_PASS**), redirect it
+ * to the socket referenced by *map* (of type
+ * **BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKHASH**) using hash *key*. Both ingress and
+ * egress interfaces can be used for redirection. The
+ * **BPF_F_INGRESS** value in *flags* is used to make the
+ * distinction (ingress path is selected if the flag is present,
+ * egress otherwise). This is the only flag supported for now.
+ * Return
+ * **SK_PASS** on success, or **SK_DROP** on error.
+ *
+ * int bpf_lwt_push_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 type, void *hdr, u32 len)
+ * Description
+ * Encapsulate the packet associated to *skb* within a Layer 3
+ * protocol header. This header is provided in the buffer at
+ * address *hdr*, with *len* its size in bytes. *type* indicates
+ * the protocol of the header and can be one of:
+ *
+ * **BPF_LWT_ENCAP_SEG6**
+ * IPv6 encapsulation with Segment Routing Header
+ * (**struct ipv6_sr_hdr**). *hdr* only contains the SRH,
+ * the IPv6 header is computed by the kernel.
+ * **BPF_LWT_ENCAP_SEG6_INLINE**
+ * Only works if *skb* contains an IPv6 packet. Insert a
+ * Segment Routing Header (**struct ipv6_sr_hdr**) inside
+ * the IPv6 header.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_lwt_seg6_store_bytes(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, const void *from, u32 len)
+ * Description
+ * Store *len* bytes from address *from* into the packet
+ * associated to *skb*, at *offset*. Only the flags, tag and TLVs
+ * inside the outermost IPv6 Segment Routing Header can be
+ * modified through this helper.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_lwt_seg6_adjust_srh(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 offset, s32 delta)
+ * Description
+ * Adjust the size allocated to TLVs in the outermost IPv6
+ * Segment Routing Header contained in the packet associated to
+ * *skb*, at position *offset* by *delta* bytes. Only offsets
+ * after the segments are accepted. *delta* can be as well
+ * positive (growing) as negative (shrinking).
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_lwt_seg6_action(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 action, void *param, u32 param_len)
+ * Description
+ * Apply an IPv6 Segment Routing action of type *action* to the
+ * packet associated to *skb*. Each action takes a parameter
+ * contained at address *param*, and of length *param_len* bytes.
+ * *action* can be one of:
+ *
+ * **SEG6_LOCAL_ACTION_END_X**
+ * End.X action: Endpoint with Layer-3 cross-connect.
+ * Type of *param*: **struct in6_addr**.
+ * **SEG6_LOCAL_ACTION_END_T**
+ * End.T action: Endpoint with specific IPv6 table lookup.
+ * Type of *param*: **int**.
+ * **SEG6_LOCAL_ACTION_END_B6**
+ * End.B6 action: Endpoint bound to an SRv6 policy.
+ * Type of param: **struct ipv6_sr_hdr**.
+ * **SEG6_LOCAL_ACTION_END_B6_ENCAP**
+ * End.B6.Encap action: Endpoint bound to an SRv6
+ * encapsulation policy.
+ * Type of param: **struct ipv6_sr_hdr**.
+ *
+ * A call to this helper is susceptible to change the underlaying
+ * packet buffer. Therefore, at load time, all checks on pointers
+ * previously done by the verifier are invalidated and must be
+ * performed again, if the helper is used in combination with
+ * direct packet access.
+ * Return
+ * 0 on success, or a negative error in case of failure.
+ *
+ * int bpf_rc_keydown(void *ctx, u32 protocol, u64 scancode, u32 toggle)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is used in programs implementing IR decoding, to
+ * report a successfully decoded key press with *scancode*,
+ * *toggle* value in the given *protocol*. The scancode will be
+ * translated to a keycode using the rc keymap, and reported as
+ * an input key down event. After a period a key up event is
+ * generated. This period can be extended by calling either
+ * **bpf_rc_keydown** () again with the same values, or calling
+ * **bpf_rc_repeat** ().
+ *
+ * Some protocols include a toggle bit, in case the button was
+ * released and pressed again between consecutive scancodes.
+ *
+ * The *ctx* should point to the lirc sample as passed into
+ * the program.
+ *
+ * The *protocol* is the decoded protocol number (see
+ * **enum rc_proto** for some predefined values).
+ *
+ * This helper is only available is the kernel was compiled with
+ * the **CONFIG_BPF_LIRC_MODE2** configuration option set to
+ * "**y**".
+ *
+ * Return
+ * 0
+ *
+ * int bpf_rc_repeat(void *ctx)
+ * Description
+ * This helper is used in programs implementing IR decoding, to
+ * report a successfully decoded repeat key message. This delays
+ * the generation of a key up event for previously generated
+ * key down event.
+ *
+ * Some IR protocols like NEC have a special IR message for
+ * repeating last button, for when a button is held down.
+ *
+ * The *ctx* should point to the lirc sample as passed into
+ * the program.
+ *
+ * This helper is only available is the kernel was compiled with
+ * the **CONFIG_BPF_LIRC_MODE2** configuration option set to
+ * "**y**".
+ *
+ * Return
+ * 0
+ */
+#define __BPF_FUNC_MAPPER(FN) \
+ FN(unspec), \
+ FN(map_lookup_elem), \
+ FN(map_update_elem), \
+ FN(map_delete_elem), \
+ FN(probe_read), \
+ FN(ktime_get_ns), \
+ FN(trace_printk), \
+ FN(get_prandom_u32), \
+ FN(get_smp_processor_id), \
+ FN(skb_store_bytes), \
+ FN(l3_csum_replace), \
+ FN(l4_csum_replace), \
+ FN(tail_call), \
+ FN(clone_redirect), \
+ FN(get_current_pid_tgid), \
+ FN(get_current_uid_gid), \
+ FN(get_current_comm), \
+ FN(get_cgroup_classid), \
+ FN(skb_vlan_push), \
+ FN(skb_vlan_pop), \
+ FN(skb_get_tunnel_key), \
+ FN(skb_set_tunnel_key), \
+ FN(perf_event_read), \
+ FN(redirect), \
+ FN(get_route_realm), \
+ FN(perf_event_output), \
+ FN(skb_load_bytes), \
+ FN(get_stackid), \
+ FN(csum_diff), \
+ FN(skb_get_tunnel_opt), \
+ FN(skb_set_tunnel_opt), \
+ FN(skb_change_proto), \
+ FN(skb_change_type), \
+ FN(skb_under_cgroup), \
+ FN(get_hash_recalc), \
+ FN(get_current_task), \
+ FN(probe_write_user), \
+ FN(current_task_under_cgroup), \
+ FN(skb_change_tail), \
+ FN(skb_pull_data), \
+ FN(csum_update), \
+ FN(set_hash_invalid), \
+ FN(get_numa_node_id), \
+ FN(skb_change_head), \
+ FN(xdp_adjust_head), \
+ FN(probe_read_str), \
+ FN(get_socket_cookie), \
+ FN(get_socket_uid), \
+ FN(set_hash), \
+ FN(setsockopt), \
+ FN(skb_adjust_room), \
+ FN(redirect_map), \
+ FN(sk_redirect_map), \
+ FN(sock_map_update), \
+ FN(xdp_adjust_meta), \
+ FN(perf_event_read_value), \
+ FN(perf_prog_read_value), \
+ FN(getsockopt), \
+ FN(override_return), \
+ FN(sock_ops_cb_flags_set), \
+ FN(msg_redirect_map), \
+ FN(msg_apply_bytes), \
+ FN(msg_cork_bytes), \
+ FN(msg_pull_data), \
+ FN(bind), \
+ FN(xdp_adjust_tail), \
+ FN(skb_get_xfrm_state), \
+ FN(get_stack), \
+ FN(skb_load_bytes_relative), \
+ FN(fib_lookup), \
+ FN(sock_hash_update), \
+ FN(msg_redirect_hash), \
+ FN(sk_redirect_hash), \
+ FN(lwt_push_encap), \
+ FN(lwt_seg6_store_bytes), \
+ FN(lwt_seg6_adjust_srh), \
+ FN(lwt_seg6_action), \
+ FN(rc_repeat), \
+ FN(rc_keydown),
+
+/* integer value in 'imm' field of BPF_CALL instruction selects which helper
+ * function eBPF program intends to call
+ */
+#define __BPF_ENUM_FN(x) BPF_FUNC_ ## x
+enum bpf_func_id {
+ __BPF_FUNC_MAPPER(__BPF_ENUM_FN)
+ __BPF_FUNC_MAX_ID,
+};
+#undef __BPF_ENUM_FN
+
+/* All flags used by eBPF helper functions, placed here. */
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_skb_store_bytes flags. */
+#define BPF_F_RECOMPUTE_CSUM (1ULL << 0)
+#define BPF_F_INVALIDATE_HASH (1ULL << 1)
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_l3_csum_replace and BPF_FUNC_l4_csum_replace flags.
+ * First 4 bits are for passing the header field size.
+ */
+#define BPF_F_HDR_FIELD_MASK 0xfULL
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_l4_csum_replace flags. */
+#define BPF_F_PSEUDO_HDR (1ULL << 4)
+#define BPF_F_MARK_MANGLED_0 (1ULL << 5)
+#define BPF_F_MARK_ENFORCE (1ULL << 6)
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_clone_redirect and BPF_FUNC_redirect flags. */
+#define BPF_F_INGRESS (1ULL << 0)
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_skb_set_tunnel_key and BPF_FUNC_skb_get_tunnel_key flags. */
+#define BPF_F_TUNINFO_IPV6 (1ULL << 0)
+
+/* flags for both BPF_FUNC_get_stackid and BPF_FUNC_get_stack. */
+#define BPF_F_SKIP_FIELD_MASK 0xffULL
+#define BPF_F_USER_STACK (1ULL << 8)
+/* flags used by BPF_FUNC_get_stackid only. */
+#define BPF_F_FAST_STACK_CMP (1ULL << 9)
+#define BPF_F_REUSE_STACKID (1ULL << 10)
+/* flags used by BPF_FUNC_get_stack only. */
+#define BPF_F_USER_BUILD_ID (1ULL << 11)
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_skb_set_tunnel_key flags. */
+#define BPF_F_ZERO_CSUM_TX (1ULL << 1)
+#define BPF_F_DONT_FRAGMENT (1ULL << 2)
+#define BPF_F_SEQ_NUMBER (1ULL << 3)
+
+/* BPF_FUNC_perf_event_output, BPF_FUNC_perf_event_read and
+ * BPF_FUNC_perf_event_read_value flags.
+ */
+#define BPF_F_INDEX_MASK 0xffffffffULL
+#define BPF_F_CURRENT_CPU BPF_F_INDEX_MASK
+/* BPF_FUNC_perf_event_output for sk_buff input context. */
+#define BPF_F_CTXLEN_MASK (0xfffffULL << 32)
+
+/* Mode for BPF_FUNC_skb_adjust_room helper. */
+enum bpf_adj_room_mode {
+ BPF_ADJ_ROOM_NET,
+};
+
+/* Mode for BPF_FUNC_skb_load_bytes_relative helper. */
+enum bpf_hdr_start_off {
+ BPF_HDR_START_MAC,
+ BPF_HDR_START_NET,
+};
+
+/* Encapsulation type for BPF_FUNC_lwt_push_encap helper. */
+enum bpf_lwt_encap_mode {
+ BPF_LWT_ENCAP_SEG6,
+ BPF_LWT_ENCAP_SEG6_INLINE
+};
+
+/* user accessible mirror of in-kernel sk_buff.
+ * new fields can only be added to the end of this structure
+ */
+struct __sk_buff {
+ __u32 len;
+ __u32 pkt_type;
+ __u32 mark;
+ __u32 queue_mapping;
+ __u32 protocol;
+ __u32 vlan_present;
+ __u32 vlan_tci;
+ __u32 vlan_proto;
+ __u32 priority;
+ __u32 ingress_ifindex;
+ __u32 ifindex;
+ __u32 tc_index;
+ __u32 cb[5];
+ __u32 hash;
+ __u32 tc_classid;
+ __u32 data;
+ __u32 data_end;
+ __u32 napi_id;
+
+ /* Accessed by BPF_PROG_TYPE_sk_skb types from here to ... */
+ __u32 family;
+ __u32 remote_ip4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_ip4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_ip6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_ip6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_port; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_port; /* stored in host byte order */
+ /* ... here. */
+
+ __u32 data_meta;
+};
+
+struct bpf_tunnel_key {
+ __u32 tunnel_id;
+ union {
+ __u32 remote_ipv4;
+ __u32 remote_ipv6[4];
+ };
+ __u8 tunnel_tos;
+ __u8 tunnel_ttl;
+ __u16 tunnel_ext;
+ __u32 tunnel_label;
+};
+
+/* user accessible mirror of in-kernel xfrm_state.
+ * new fields can only be added to the end of this structure
+ */
+struct bpf_xfrm_state {
+ __u32 reqid;
+ __u32 spi; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u16 family;
+ union {
+ __u32 remote_ipv4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_ipv6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ };
+};
+
+/* Generic BPF return codes which all BPF program types may support.
+ * The values are binary compatible with their TC_ACT_* counter-part to
+ * provide backwards compatibility with existing SCHED_CLS and SCHED_ACT
+ * programs.
+ *
+ * XDP is handled seprately, see XDP_*.
+ */
+enum bpf_ret_code {
+ BPF_OK = 0,
+ /* 1 reserved */
+ BPF_DROP = 2,
+ /* 3-6 reserved */
+ BPF_REDIRECT = 7,
+ /* >127 are reserved for prog type specific return codes */
+};
+
+struct bpf_sock {
+ __u32 bound_dev_if;
+ __u32 family;
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 protocol;
+ __u32 mark;
+ __u32 priority;
+ __u32 src_ip4; /* Allows 1,2,4-byte read.
+ * Stored in network byte order.
+ */
+ __u32 src_ip6[4]; /* Allows 1,2,4-byte read.
+ * Stored in network byte order.
+ */
+ __u32 src_port; /* Allows 4-byte read.
+ * Stored in host byte order
+ */
+};
+
+#define XDP_PACKET_HEADROOM 256
+
+/* User return codes for XDP prog type.
+ * A valid XDP program must return one of these defined values. All other
+ * return codes are reserved for future use. Unknown return codes will
+ * result in packet drops and a warning via bpf_warn_invalid_xdp_action().
+ */
+enum xdp_action {
+ XDP_ABORTED = 0,
+ XDP_DROP,
+ XDP_PASS,
+ XDP_TX,
+ XDP_REDIRECT,
+};
+
+/* user accessible metadata for XDP packet hook
+ * new fields must be added to the end of this structure
+ */
+struct xdp_md {
+ __u32 data;
+ __u32 data_end;
+ __u32 data_meta;
+ /* Below access go through struct xdp_rxq_info */
+ __u32 ingress_ifindex; /* rxq->dev->ifindex */
+ __u32 rx_queue_index; /* rxq->queue_index */
+};
+
+enum sk_action {
+ SK_DROP = 0,
+ SK_PASS,
+};
+
+/* user accessible metadata for SK_MSG packet hook, new fields must
+ * be added to the end of this structure
+ */
+struct sk_msg_md {
+ void *data;
+ void *data_end;
+
+ __u32 family;
+ __u32 remote_ip4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_ip4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_ip6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_ip6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_port; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_port; /* stored in host byte order */
+};
+
+#define BPF_TAG_SIZE 8
+
+struct bpf_prog_info {
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 id;
+ __u8 tag[BPF_TAG_SIZE];
+ __u32 jited_prog_len;
+ __u32 xlated_prog_len;
+ __aligned_u64 jited_prog_insns;
+ __aligned_u64 xlated_prog_insns;
+ __u64 load_time; /* ns since boottime */
+ __u32 created_by_uid;
+ __u32 nr_map_ids;
+ __aligned_u64 map_ids;
+ char name[BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN];
+ __u32 ifindex;
+ __u32 gpl_compatible:1;
+ __u64 netns_dev;
+ __u64 netns_ino;
+ __u32 nr_jited_ksyms;
+ __u32 nr_jited_func_lens;
+ __aligned_u64 jited_ksyms;
+ __aligned_u64 jited_func_lens;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct bpf_map_info {
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 id;
+ __u32 key_size;
+ __u32 value_size;
+ __u32 max_entries;
+ __u32 map_flags;
+ char name[BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN];
+ __u32 ifindex;
+ __u64 netns_dev;
+ __u64 netns_ino;
+ __u32 btf_id;
+ __u32 btf_key_type_id;
+ __u32 btf_value_type_id;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct bpf_btf_info {
+ __aligned_u64 btf;
+ __u32 btf_size;
+ __u32 id;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+/* User bpf_sock_addr struct to access socket fields and sockaddr struct passed
+ * by user and intended to be used by socket (e.g. to bind to, depends on
+ * attach attach type).
+ */
+struct bpf_sock_addr {
+ __u32 user_family; /* Allows 4-byte read, but no write. */
+ __u32 user_ip4; /* Allows 1,2,4-byte read and 4-byte write.
+ * Stored in network byte order.
+ */
+ __u32 user_ip6[4]; /* Allows 1,2,4-byte read an 4-byte write.
+ * Stored in network byte order.
+ */
+ __u32 user_port; /* Allows 4-byte read and write.
+ * Stored in network byte order
+ */
+ __u32 family; /* Allows 4-byte read, but no write */
+ __u32 type; /* Allows 4-byte read, but no write */
+ __u32 protocol; /* Allows 4-byte read, but no write */
+ __u32 msg_src_ip4; /* Allows 1,2,4-byte read an 4-byte write.
+ * Stored in network byte order.
+ */
+ __u32 msg_src_ip6[4]; /* Allows 1,2,4-byte read an 4-byte write.
+ * Stored in network byte order.
+ */
+};
+
+/* User bpf_sock_ops struct to access socket values and specify request ops
+ * and their replies.
+ * Some of this fields are in network (bigendian) byte order and may need
+ * to be converted before use (bpf_ntohl() defined in samples/bpf/bpf_endian.h).
+ * New fields can only be added at the end of this structure
+ */
+struct bpf_sock_ops {
+ __u32 op;
+ union {
+ __u32 args[4]; /* Optionally passed to bpf program */
+ __u32 reply; /* Returned by bpf program */
+ __u32 replylong[4]; /* Optionally returned by bpf prog */
+ };
+ __u32 family;
+ __u32 remote_ip4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_ip4; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_ip6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_ip6[4]; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 remote_port; /* Stored in network byte order */
+ __u32 local_port; /* stored in host byte order */
+ __u32 is_fullsock; /* Some TCP fields are only valid if
+ * there is a full socket. If not, the
+ * fields read as zero.
+ */
+ __u32 snd_cwnd;
+ __u32 srtt_us; /* Averaged RTT << 3 in usecs */
+ __u32 bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags; /* flags defined in uapi/linux/tcp.h */
+ __u32 state;
+ __u32 rtt_min;
+ __u32 snd_ssthresh;
+ __u32 rcv_nxt;
+ __u32 snd_nxt;
+ __u32 snd_una;
+ __u32 mss_cache;
+ __u32 ecn_flags;
+ __u32 rate_delivered;
+ __u32 rate_interval_us;
+ __u32 packets_out;
+ __u32 retrans_out;
+ __u32 total_retrans;
+ __u32 segs_in;
+ __u32 data_segs_in;
+ __u32 segs_out;
+ __u32 data_segs_out;
+ __u32 lost_out;
+ __u32 sacked_out;
+ __u32 sk_txhash;
+ __u64 bytes_received;
+ __u64 bytes_acked;
+};
+
+/* Definitions for bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags */
+#define BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTO_CB_FLAG (1<<0)
+#define BPF_SOCK_OPS_RETRANS_CB_FLAG (1<<1)
+#define BPF_SOCK_OPS_STATE_CB_FLAG (1<<2)
+#define BPF_SOCK_OPS_ALL_CB_FLAGS 0x7 /* Mask of all currently
+ * supported cb flags
+ */
+
+/* List of known BPF sock_ops operators.
+ * New entries can only be added at the end
+ */
+enum {
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_VOID,
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_TIMEOUT_INIT, /* Should return SYN-RTO value to use or
+ * -1 if default value should be used
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_RWND_INIT, /* Should return initial advertized
+ * window (in packets) or -1 if default
+ * value should be used
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_TCP_CONNECT_CB, /* Calls BPF program right before an
+ * active connection is initialized
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_ACTIVE_ESTABLISHED_CB, /* Calls BPF program when an
+ * active connection is
+ * established
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_PASSIVE_ESTABLISHED_CB, /* Calls BPF program when a
+ * passive connection is
+ * established
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_NEEDS_ECN, /* If connection's congestion control
+ * needs ECN
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_BASE_RTT, /* Get base RTT. The correct value is
+ * based on the path and may be
+ * dependent on the congestion control
+ * algorithm. In general it indicates
+ * a congestion threshold. RTTs above
+ * this indicate congestion
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTO_CB, /* Called when an RTO has triggered.
+ * Arg1: value of icsk_retransmits
+ * Arg2: value of icsk_rto
+ * Arg3: whether RTO has expired
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_RETRANS_CB, /* Called when skb is retransmitted.
+ * Arg1: sequence number of 1st byte
+ * Arg2: # segments
+ * Arg3: return value of
+ * tcp_transmit_skb (0 => success)
+ */
+ BPF_SOCK_OPS_STATE_CB, /* Called when TCP changes state.
+ * Arg1: old_state
+ * Arg2: new_state
+ */
+};
+
+/* List of TCP states. There is a build check in net/ipv4/tcp.c to detect
+ * changes between the TCP and BPF versions. Ideally this should never happen.
+ * If it does, we need to add code to convert them before calling
+ * the BPF sock_ops function.
+ */
+enum {
+ BPF_TCP_ESTABLISHED = 1,
+ BPF_TCP_SYN_SENT,
+ BPF_TCP_SYN_RECV,
+ BPF_TCP_FIN_WAIT1,
+ BPF_TCP_FIN_WAIT2,
+ BPF_TCP_TIME_WAIT,
+ BPF_TCP_CLOSE,
+ BPF_TCP_CLOSE_WAIT,
+ BPF_TCP_LAST_ACK,
+ BPF_TCP_LISTEN,
+ BPF_TCP_CLOSING, /* Now a valid state */
+ BPF_TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV,
+
+ BPF_TCP_MAX_STATES /* Leave at the end! */
+};
+
+#define TCP_BPF_IW 1001 /* Set TCP initial congestion window */
+#define TCP_BPF_SNDCWND_CLAMP 1002 /* Set sndcwnd_clamp */
+
+struct bpf_perf_event_value {
+ __u64 counter;
+ __u64 enabled;
+ __u64 running;
+};
+
+#define BPF_DEVCG_ACC_MKNOD (1ULL << 0)
+#define BPF_DEVCG_ACC_READ (1ULL << 1)
+#define BPF_DEVCG_ACC_WRITE (1ULL << 2)
+
+#define BPF_DEVCG_DEV_BLOCK (1ULL << 0)
+#define BPF_DEVCG_DEV_CHAR (1ULL << 1)
+
+struct bpf_cgroup_dev_ctx {
+ /* access_type encoded as (BPF_DEVCG_ACC_* << 16) | BPF_DEVCG_DEV_* */
+ __u32 access_type;
+ __u32 major;
+ __u32 minor;
+};
+
+struct bpf_raw_tracepoint_args {
+ __u64 args[0];
+};
+
+/* DIRECT: Skip the FIB rules and go to FIB table associated with device
+ * OUTPUT: Do lookup from egress perspective; default is ingress
+ */
+#define BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_DIRECT BIT(0)
+#define BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_OUTPUT BIT(1)
+
+struct bpf_fib_lookup {
+ /* input: network family for lookup (AF_INET, AF_INET6)
+ * output: network family of egress nexthop
+ */
+ __u8 family;
+
+ /* set if lookup is to consider L4 data - e.g., FIB rules */
+ __u8 l4_protocol;
+ __be16 sport;
+ __be16 dport;
+
+ /* total length of packet from network header - used for MTU check */
+ __u16 tot_len;
+ __u32 ifindex; /* L3 device index for lookup */
+
+ union {
+ /* inputs to lookup */
+ __u8 tos; /* AF_INET */
+ __be32 flowlabel; /* AF_INET6 */
+
+ /* output: metric of fib result (IPv4/IPv6 only) */
+ __u32 rt_metric;
+ };
+
+ union {
+ __be32 ipv4_src;
+ __u32 ipv6_src[4]; /* in6_addr; network order */
+ };
+
+ /* input to bpf_fib_lookup, ipv{4,6}_dst is destination address in
+ * network header. output: bpf_fib_lookup sets to gateway address
+ * if FIB lookup returns gateway route
+ */
+ union {
+ __be32 ipv4_dst;
+ __u32 ipv6_dst[4]; /* in6_addr; network order */
+ };
+
+ /* output */
+ __be16 h_vlan_proto;
+ __be16 h_vlan_TCI;
+ __u8 smac[6]; /* ETH_ALEN */
+ __u8 dmac[6]; /* ETH_ALEN */
+};
+
+enum bpf_task_fd_type {
+ BPF_FD_TYPE_RAW_TRACEPOINT, /* tp name */
+ BPF_FD_TYPE_TRACEPOINT, /* tp name */
+ BPF_FD_TYPE_KPROBE, /* (symbol + offset) or addr */
+ BPF_FD_TYPE_KRETPROBE, /* (symbol + offset) or addr */
+ BPF_FD_TYPE_UPROBE, /* filename + offset */
+ BPF_FD_TYPE_URETPROBE, /* filename + offset */
+};
+
+#endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__ */
diff --git a/utils/keytable/Makefile.am b/utils/keytable/Makefile.am
index 0bd7045f..df2b2231 100644
--- a/utils/keytable/Makefile.am
+++ b/utils/keytable/Makefile.am
@@ -5,8 +5,13 @@ keytablesystem_DATA = $(srcdir)/rc_keymaps/*
udevrules_DATA = 70-infrared.rules
ir_keytable_SOURCES = keytable.c parse.h ir-encode.c ir-encode.h toml.c toml.h
+
+if HAVE_LIBELF
+ir_keytable_SOURCES += bpf.c bpf_load.c bpf.h bpf_load.h
+endif
+
ir_keytable_LDADD = @LIBINTL@
-ir_keytable_LDFLAGS = $(ARGP_LIBS)
+ir_keytable_LDFLAGS = $(ARGP_LIBS) $(LIBELF_LIBS)
EXTRA_DIST = 70-infrared.rules rc_keymaps rc_keymaps_userspace gen_keytables.pl ir-keytable.1 rc_maps.cfg
diff --git a/utils/keytable/bpf.c b/utils/keytable/bpf.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..b1cd2507
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/keytable/bpf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,515 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1
+
+/*
+ * common eBPF ELF operations.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Huawei Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
+ * version 2.1 of the License (not later!)
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses>
+ */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <memory.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include "bpf.h"
+#include <errno.h>
+
+/*
+ * When building perf, unistd.h is overridden. __NR_bpf is
+ * required to be defined explicitly.
+ */
+#ifndef __NR_bpf
+# if defined(__i386__)
+# define __NR_bpf 357
+# elif defined(__x86_64__)
+# define __NR_bpf 321
+# elif defined(__aarch64__)
+# define __NR_bpf 280
+# elif defined(__sparc__)
+# define __NR_bpf 349
+# elif defined(__s390__)
+# define __NR_bpf 351
+# else
+# error __NR_bpf not defined. libbpf does not support your arch.
+# endif
+#endif
+
+#ifndef min
+#define min(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y))
+#endif
+
+static inline __u64 ptr_to_u64(const void *ptr)
+{
+ return (__u64) (unsigned long) ptr;
+}
+
+static inline int sys_bpf(enum bpf_cmd cmd, union bpf_attr *attr,
+ unsigned int size)
+{
+ return syscall(__NR_bpf, cmd, attr, size);
+}
+
+int bpf_create_map_xattr(const struct bpf_create_map_attr *create_attr)
+{
+ __u32 name_len = create_attr->name ? strlen(create_attr->name) : 0;
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ memset(&attr, '\0', sizeof(attr));
+
+ attr.map_type = create_attr->map_type;
+ attr.key_size = create_attr->key_size;
+ attr.value_size = create_attr->value_size;
+ attr.max_entries = create_attr->max_entries;
+ attr.map_flags = create_attr->map_flags;
+ memcpy(attr.map_name, create_attr->name,
+ min(name_len, BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN - 1));
+ attr.numa_node = create_attr->numa_node;
+ attr.btf_fd = create_attr->btf_fd;
+ attr.btf_key_type_id = create_attr->btf_key_type_id;
+ attr.btf_value_type_id = create_attr->btf_value_type_id;
+ attr.map_ifindex = create_attr->map_ifindex;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_create_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags, int node)
+{
+ struct bpf_create_map_attr map_attr = {};
+
+ map_attr.name = name;
+ map_attr.map_type = map_type;
+ map_attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+ map_attr.key_size = key_size;
+ map_attr.value_size = value_size;
+ map_attr.max_entries = max_entries;
+ if (node >= 0) {
+ map_attr.numa_node = node;
+ map_attr.map_flags |= BPF_F_NUMA_NODE;
+ }
+
+ return bpf_create_map_xattr(&map_attr);
+}
+
+int bpf_create_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, int key_size,
+ int value_size, int max_entries, __u32 map_flags)
+{
+ struct bpf_create_map_attr map_attr = {};
+
+ map_attr.map_type = map_type;
+ map_attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+ map_attr.key_size = key_size;
+ map_attr.value_size = value_size;
+ map_attr.max_entries = max_entries;
+
+ return bpf_create_map_xattr(&map_attr);
+}
+
+int bpf_create_map_name(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags)
+{
+ struct bpf_create_map_attr map_attr = {};
+
+ map_attr.name = name;
+ map_attr.map_type = map_type;
+ map_attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+ map_attr.key_size = key_size;
+ map_attr.value_size = value_size;
+ map_attr.max_entries = max_entries;
+
+ return bpf_create_map_xattr(&map_attr);
+}
+
+int bpf_create_map_in_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int inner_map_fd, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags, int node)
+{
+ __u32 name_len = name ? strlen(name) : 0;
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ memset(&attr, '\0', sizeof(attr));
+
+ attr.map_type = map_type;
+ attr.key_size = key_size;
+ attr.value_size = 4;
+ attr.inner_map_fd = inner_map_fd;
+ attr.max_entries = max_entries;
+ attr.map_flags = map_flags;
+ memcpy(attr.map_name, name, min(name_len, BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN - 1));
+
+ if (node >= 0) {
+ attr.map_flags |= BPF_F_NUMA_NODE;
+ attr.numa_node = node;
+ }
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_create_map_in_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int inner_map_fd, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags)
+{
+ return bpf_create_map_in_map_node(map_type, name, key_size,
+ inner_map_fd, max_entries, map_flags,
+ -1);
+}
+
+int bpf_load_program_xattr(const struct bpf_load_program_attr *load_attr,
+ char *log_buf, size_t log_buf_sz)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+ __u32 name_len;
+ int fd;
+
+ if (!load_attr)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ name_len = load_attr->name ? strlen(load_attr->name) : 0;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.prog_type = load_attr->prog_type;
+ attr.expected_attach_type = load_attr->expected_attach_type;
+ attr.insn_cnt = (__u32)load_attr->insns_cnt;
+ attr.insns = ptr_to_u64(load_attr->insns);
+ attr.license = ptr_to_u64(load_attr->license);
+ attr.log_buf = ptr_to_u64(NULL);
+ attr.log_size = 0;
+ attr.log_level = 0;
+ attr.kern_version = load_attr->kern_version;
+ attr.prog_ifindex = load_attr->prog_ifindex;
+ memcpy(attr.prog_name, load_attr->name,
+ min(name_len, BPF_OBJ_NAME_LEN - 1));
+
+ fd = sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_LOAD, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (fd >= 0 || !log_buf || !log_buf_sz)
+ return fd;
+
+ /* Try again with log */
+ attr.log_buf = ptr_to_u64(log_buf);
+ attr.log_size = log_buf_sz;
+ attr.log_level = 1;
+ log_buf[0] = 0;
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_LOAD, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_load_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
+ size_t insns_cnt, const char *name, const char *license,
+ __u32 kern_version, char *log_buf,
+ size_t log_buf_sz)
+{
+ struct bpf_load_program_attr load_attr;
+
+ memset(&load_attr, 0, sizeof(struct bpf_load_program_attr));
+ load_attr.prog_type = type;
+ load_attr.expected_attach_type = 0;
+ load_attr.name = name;
+ load_attr.insns = insns;
+ load_attr.insns_cnt = insns_cnt;
+ load_attr.license = license;
+ load_attr.kern_version = kern_version;
+
+ return bpf_load_program_xattr(&load_attr, log_buf, log_buf_sz);
+}
+
+int bpf_verify_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
+ size_t insns_cnt, int strict_alignment,
+ const char *license, __u32 kern_version,
+ char *log_buf, size_t log_buf_sz, int log_level)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.prog_type = type;
+ attr.insn_cnt = (__u32)insns_cnt;
+ attr.insns = ptr_to_u64(insns);
+ attr.license = ptr_to_u64(license);
+ attr.log_buf = ptr_to_u64(log_buf);
+ attr.log_size = log_buf_sz;
+ attr.log_level = log_level;
+ log_buf[0] = 0;
+ attr.kern_version = kern_version;
+ attr.prog_flags = strict_alignment ? BPF_F_STRICT_ALIGNMENT : 0;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_LOAD, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_map_update_elem(int fd, const void *key, const void *value,
+ __u64 flags)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.map_fd = fd;
+ attr.key = ptr_to_u64(key);
+ attr.value = ptr_to_u64(value);
+ attr.flags = flags;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_UPDATE_ELEM, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_map_lookup_elem(int fd, const void *key, void *value)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.map_fd = fd;
+ attr.key = ptr_to_u64(key);
+ attr.value = ptr_to_u64(value);
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_ELEM, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_map_delete_elem(int fd, const void *key)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.map_fd = fd;
+ attr.key = ptr_to_u64(key);
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_DELETE_ELEM, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_map_get_next_key(int fd, const void *key, void *next_key)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.map_fd = fd;
+ attr.key = ptr_to_u64(key);
+ attr.next_key = ptr_to_u64(next_key);
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_obj_pin(int fd, const char *pathname)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.pathname = ptr_to_u64((void *)pathname);
+ attr.bpf_fd = fd;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_OBJ_PIN, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_obj_get(const char *pathname)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.pathname = ptr_to_u64((void *)pathname);
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_OBJ_GET, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_attach(int prog_fd, int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type,
+ unsigned int flags)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.target_fd = target_fd;
+ attr.attach_bpf_fd = prog_fd;
+ attr.attach_type = type;
+ attr.attach_flags = flags;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_ATTACH, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_detach(int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.target_fd = target_fd;
+ attr.attach_type = type;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_DETACH, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_detach2(int prog_fd, int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.target_fd = target_fd;
+ attr.attach_bpf_fd = prog_fd;
+ attr.attach_type = type;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_DETACH, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_query(int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type, __u32 query_flags,
+ __u32 *attach_flags, __u32 *prog_ids, __u32 *prog_cnt)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+ int ret;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.query.target_fd = target_fd;
+ attr.query.attach_type = type;
+ attr.query.query_flags = query_flags;
+ attr.query.prog_cnt = *prog_cnt;
+ attr.query.prog_ids = ptr_to_u64(prog_ids);
+
+ ret = sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_QUERY, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (attach_flags)
+ *attach_flags = attr.query.attach_flags;
+ *prog_cnt = attr.query.prog_cnt;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_test_run(int prog_fd, int repeat, void *data, __u32 size,
+ void *data_out, __u32 *size_out, __u32 *retval,
+ __u32 *duration)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+ int ret;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.test.prog_fd = prog_fd;
+ attr.test.data_in = ptr_to_u64(data);
+ attr.test.data_out = ptr_to_u64(data_out);
+ attr.test.data_size_in = size;
+ attr.test.repeat = repeat;
+
+ ret = sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (size_out)
+ *size_out = attr.test.data_size_out;
+ if (retval)
+ *retval = attr.test.retval;
+ if (duration)
+ *duration = attr.test.duration;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_get_next_id(__u32 start_id, __u32 *next_id)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+ int err;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.start_id = start_id;
+
+ err = sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_GET_NEXT_ID, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (!err)
+ *next_id = attr.next_id;
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+int bpf_map_get_next_id(__u32 start_id, __u32 *next_id)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+ int err;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.start_id = start_id;
+
+ err = sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_GET_NEXT_ID, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (!err)
+ *next_id = attr.next_id;
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+int bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id(__u32 id)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.prog_id = id;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_GET_FD_BY_ID, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_map_get_fd_by_id(__u32 id)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.map_id = id;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_MAP_GET_FD_BY_ID, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_btf_get_fd_by_id(__u32 id)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.btf_id = id;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_BTF_GET_FD_BY_ID, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(int prog_fd, void *info, __u32 *info_len)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+ int err;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.info.bpf_fd = prog_fd;
+ attr.info.info_len = *info_len;
+ attr.info.info = ptr_to_u64(info);
+
+ err = sys_bpf(BPF_OBJ_GET_INFO_BY_FD, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (!err)
+ *info_len = attr.info.info_len;
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+int bpf_raw_tracepoint_open(const char *name, int prog_fd)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr;
+
+ bzero(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+ attr.raw_tracepoint.name = ptr_to_u64(name);
+ attr.raw_tracepoint.prog_fd = prog_fd;
+
+ return sys_bpf(BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT_OPEN, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_load_btf(void *btf, __u32 btf_size, char *log_buf, __u32 log_buf_size,
+ bool do_log)
+{
+ union bpf_attr attr = {};
+ int fd;
+
+ attr.btf = ptr_to_u64(btf);
+ attr.btf_size = btf_size;
+
+retry:
+ if (do_log && log_buf && log_buf_size) {
+ attr.btf_log_level = 1;
+ attr.btf_log_size = log_buf_size;
+ attr.btf_log_buf = ptr_to_u64(log_buf);
+ }
+
+ fd = sys_bpf(BPF_BTF_LOAD, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+ if (fd == -1 && !do_log && log_buf && log_buf_size) {
+ do_log = true;
+ goto retry;
+ }
+
+ return fd;
+}
diff --git a/utils/keytable/bpf.h b/utils/keytable/bpf.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..fb3896c9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/keytable/bpf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1 */
+
+/*
+ * common eBPF ELF operations.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Huawei Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
+ * version 2.1 of the License (not later!)
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses>
+ */
+#ifndef __BPF_BPF_H
+#define __BPF_BPF_H
+
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+
+struct bpf_create_map_attr {
+ const char *name;
+ enum bpf_map_type map_type;
+ __u32 map_flags;
+ __u32 key_size;
+ __u32 value_size;
+ __u32 max_entries;
+ __u32 numa_node;
+ __u32 btf_fd;
+ __u32 btf_key_type_id;
+ __u32 btf_value_type_id;
+ __u32 map_ifindex;
+};
+
+int bpf_create_map_xattr(const struct bpf_create_map_attr *create_attr);
+int bpf_create_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags, int node);
+int bpf_create_map_name(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags);
+int bpf_create_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, int key_size, int value_size,
+ int max_entries, __u32 map_flags);
+int bpf_create_map_in_map_node(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int inner_map_fd, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags, int node);
+int bpf_create_map_in_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, const char *name,
+ int key_size, int inner_map_fd, int max_entries,
+ __u32 map_flags);
+
+struct bpf_load_program_attr {
+ enum bpf_prog_type prog_type;
+ enum bpf_attach_type expected_attach_type;
+ const char *name;
+ const struct bpf_insn *insns;
+ size_t insns_cnt;
+ const char *license;
+ __u32 kern_version;
+ __u32 prog_ifindex;
+};
+
+/* Recommend log buffer size */
+#define BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE (256 * 1024)
+int bpf_load_program_xattr(const struct bpf_load_program_attr *load_attr,
+ char *log_buf, size_t log_buf_sz);
+int bpf_load_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
+ size_t insns_cnt, const char *name, const char *license,
+ __u32 kern_version, char *log_buf,
+ size_t log_buf_sz);
+int bpf_verify_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
+ size_t insns_cnt, int strict_alignment,
+ const char *license, __u32 kern_version,
+ char *log_buf, size_t log_buf_sz, int log_level);
+
+int bpf_map_update_elem(int fd, const void *key, const void *value,
+ __u64 flags);
+
+int bpf_map_lookup_elem(int fd, const void *key, void *value);
+int bpf_map_delete_elem(int fd, const void *key);
+int bpf_map_get_next_key(int fd, const void *key, void *next_key);
+int bpf_obj_pin(int fd, const char *pathname);
+int bpf_obj_get(const char *pathname);
+int bpf_prog_attach(int prog_fd, int attachable_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type,
+ unsigned int flags);
+int bpf_prog_detach(int attachable_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type);
+int bpf_prog_detach2(int prog_fd, int attachable_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type);
+int bpf_prog_test_run(int prog_fd, int repeat, void *data, __u32 size,
+ void *data_out, __u32 *size_out, __u32 *retval,
+ __u32 *duration);
+int bpf_prog_get_next_id(__u32 start_id, __u32 *next_id);
+int bpf_map_get_next_id(__u32 start_id, __u32 *next_id);
+int bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id(__u32 id);
+int bpf_map_get_fd_by_id(__u32 id);
+int bpf_btf_get_fd_by_id(__u32 id);
+int bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(int prog_fd, void *info, __u32 *info_len);
+int bpf_prog_query(int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type, __u32 query_flags,
+ __u32 *attach_flags, __u32 *prog_ids, __u32 *prog_cnt);
+int bpf_raw_tracepoint_open(const char *name, int prog_fd);
+int bpf_load_btf(void *btf, __u32 btf_size, char *log_buf, __u32 log_buf_size,
+ bool do_log);
+#endif
diff --git a/utils/keytable/bpf_load.c b/utils/keytable/bpf_load.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..89263d08
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/keytable/bpf_load.c
@@ -0,0 +1,459 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <libelf.h>
+#include <gelf.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include "toml.h"
+#include "bpf.h"
+#include "bpf_load.h"
+
+char bpf_log_buf[BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE];
+
+struct bpf_file {
+ Elf *elf;
+ char license[128];
+ bool processed_sec[128];
+ int map_fd[MAX_MAPS];
+ struct bpf_map_data map_data[MAX_MAPS];
+ int nr_maps;
+ int maps_shidx;
+ int dataidx;
+ Elf_Data *data;
+ int strtabidx;
+ Elf_Data *symbols;
+ struct toml_table_t *toml;
+};
+
+static int load_and_attach(int lirc_fd, struct bpf_file *bpf_file, const char *name, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
+{
+ size_t insns_cnt = size / sizeof(struct bpf_insn);
+ int fd, err;
+
+ fd = bpf_load_program(BPF_PROG_TYPE_LIRC_MODE2, prog, insns_cnt,
+ name, bpf_file->license, 0,
+ bpf_log_buf, BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("bpf_load_program() err=%d\n%s", errno, bpf_log_buf);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ err = bpf_prog_attach(fd, lirc_fd, BPF_LIRC_MODE2, 0);
+ if (err) {
+ printf("bpf_prog_attach: err=%m\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int load_maps(struct bpf_file *bpf_file)
+{
+ struct bpf_map_data *maps = bpf_file->map_data;
+ int i, numa_node;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < bpf_file->nr_maps; i++) {
+ numa_node = maps[i].def.map_flags & BPF_F_NUMA_NODE ?
+ maps[i].def.numa_node : -1;
+
+ if (maps[i].def.type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY_OF_MAPS ||
+ maps[i].def.type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH_OF_MAPS) {
+ int inner_map_fd = bpf_file->map_fd[maps[i].def.inner_map_idx];
+
+ bpf_file->map_fd[i] = bpf_create_map_in_map_node(
+ maps[i].def.type,
+ maps[i].name,
+ maps[i].def.key_size,
+ inner_map_fd,
+ maps[i].def.max_entries,
+ maps[i].def.map_flags,
+ numa_node);
+ } else {
+ bpf_file->map_fd[i] = bpf_create_map_node(
+ maps[i].def.type,
+ maps[i].name,
+ maps[i].def.key_size,
+ maps[i].def.value_size,
+ maps[i].def.max_entries,
+ maps[i].def.map_flags,
+ numa_node);
+ }
+ if (bpf_file->map_fd[i] < 0) {
+ printf("failed to create a map: %d %s\n",
+ errno, strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ maps[i].fd = bpf_file->map_fd[i];
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int get_sec(Elf *elf, int i, GElf_Ehdr *ehdr, char **shname,
+ GElf_Shdr *shdr, Elf_Data **data)
+{
+ Elf_Scn *scn;
+
+ scn = elf_getscn(elf, i);
+ if (!scn)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (gelf_getshdr(scn, shdr) != shdr)
+ return 2;
+
+ *shname = elf_strptr(elf, ehdr->e_shstrndx, shdr->sh_name);
+ if (!*shname || !shdr->sh_size)
+ return 3;
+
+ *data = elf_getdata(scn, 0);
+ if (!*data || elf_getdata(scn, *data) != NULL)
+ return 4;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse_relo_and_apply(struct bpf_file *bpf_file, GElf_Shdr *shdr,
+ struct bpf_insn *insn, Elf_Data *data)
+{
+ int i, nrels;
+
+ nrels = shdr->sh_size / shdr->sh_entsize;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nrels; i++) {
+ GElf_Sym sym;
+ GElf_Rel rel;
+ unsigned int insn_idx;
+ const char *sym_name;
+ bool match = false;
+ int map_idx;
+
+ gelf_getrel(data, i, &rel);
+
+ insn_idx = rel.r_offset / sizeof(struct bpf_insn);
+
+ gelf_getsym(bpf_file->symbols, GELF_R_SYM(rel.r_info), &sym);
+
+ sym_name = elf_strptr(bpf_file->elf, bpf_file->strtabidx, sym.st_name);
+
+ if (insn[insn_idx].code != (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW)) {
+ printf("invalid relo for insn[%d].code 0x%x\n",
+ insn_idx, insn[insn_idx].code);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (sym.st_shndx == bpf_file->maps_shidx) {
+ /* Match FD relocation against recorded map_data[] offset */
+ for (map_idx = 0; map_idx < bpf_file->nr_maps; map_idx++) {
+ if (bpf_file->map_data[map_idx].elf_offset == sym.st_value) {
+ match = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (match) {
+ insn[insn_idx].src_reg = BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD;
+ insn[insn_idx].imm = bpf_file->map_data[map_idx].fd;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ printf("invalid relo for insn[%d] no map_data match\n",
+ insn_idx);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ else if (sym.st_shndx == bpf_file->dataidx) {
+ int p_idx = insn_idx + 2;
+ const char *raw = NULL;
+ int64_t value;
+
+ if (insn[p_idx].code != (BPF_MEM | BPF_LDX)) {
+ printf("unexpected code 0x%02x for insn[%d]\n", insn[p_idx].code, p_idx);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (bpf_file->toml)
+ raw = toml_raw_in(bpf_file->toml, sym_name);
+
+ if (raw) {
+ if (toml_rtoi(raw, &value)) {
+ printf("variable %s not a integer: %s\n", sym_name, raw);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (value < 0 && value > UINT_MAX) {
+ printf("variable %s out of range: %s\n", sym_name, raw);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ int32_t *p = (bpf_file->data->d_buf + sym.st_value);
+ value = *p;
+ }
+
+ // patch ld to mov immediate
+ insn[p_idx].code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K;
+ insn[p_idx].imm = value;
+ insn[p_idx].src_reg = 0;
+ } else {
+ printf("symbol %s has unknown section %d\n", sym_name, sym.st_shndx);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cmp_symbols(const void *l, const void *r)
+{
+ const GElf_Sym *lsym = (const GElf_Sym *)l;
+ const GElf_Sym *rsym = (const GElf_Sym *)r;
+
+ if (lsym->st_value < rsym->st_value)
+ return -1;
+ else if (lsym->st_value > rsym->st_value)
+ return 1;
+ else
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int load_elf_maps_section(struct bpf_file *bpf_file)
+{
+ int map_sz_elf, map_sz_copy;
+ bool validate_zero = false;
+ Elf_Data *data_maps;
+ int i, nr_maps;
+ GElf_Sym *sym;
+ Elf_Scn *scn;
+
+ if (bpf_file->maps_shidx < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!bpf_file->symbols)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Get data for maps section via elf index */
+ scn = elf_getscn(bpf_file->elf, bpf_file->maps_shidx);
+ if (scn)
+ data_maps = elf_getdata(scn, NULL);
+ if (!scn || !data_maps) {
+ printf("Failed to get Elf_Data from maps section %d\n",
+ bpf_file->maps_shidx);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* For each map get corrosponding symbol table entry */
+ sym = calloc(MAX_MAPS+1, sizeof(GElf_Sym));
+ for (i = 0, nr_maps = 0; i < bpf_file->symbols->d_size / sizeof(GElf_Sym); i++) {
+ assert(nr_maps < MAX_MAPS+1);
+ if (!gelf_getsym(bpf_file->symbols, i, &sym[nr_maps]))
+ continue;
+ if (sym[nr_maps].st_shndx != bpf_file->maps_shidx)
+ continue;
+ /* Only increment iif maps section */
+ nr_maps++;
+ }
+
+ /* Align to map_fd[] order, via sort on offset in sym.st_value */
+ qsort(sym, nr_maps, sizeof(GElf_Sym), cmp_symbols);
+
+ /* Keeping compatible with ELF maps section changes
+ * ------------------------------------------------
+ * The program size of struct bpf_load_map_def is known by loader
+ * code, but struct stored in ELF file can be different.
+ *
+ * Unfortunately sym[i].st_size is zero. To calculate the
+ * struct size stored in the ELF file, assume all struct have
+ * the same size, and simply divide with number of map
+ * symbols.
+ */
+ map_sz_elf = data_maps->d_size / nr_maps;
+ map_sz_copy = sizeof(struct bpf_load_map_def);
+ if (map_sz_elf < map_sz_copy) {
+ /*
+ * Backward compat, loading older ELF file with
+ * smaller struct, keeping remaining bytes zero.
+ */
+ map_sz_copy = map_sz_elf;
+ } else if (map_sz_elf > map_sz_copy) {
+ /*
+ * Forward compat, loading newer ELF file with larger
+ * struct with unknown features. Assume zero means
+ * feature not used. Thus, validate rest of struct
+ * data is zero.
+ */
+ validate_zero = true;
+ }
+
+ /* Memcpy relevant part of ELF maps data to loader maps */
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_maps; i++) {
+ struct bpf_load_map_def *def;
+ unsigned char *addr, *end;
+ const char *map_name;
+ struct bpf_map_data *maps = bpf_file->map_data;
+ size_t offset;
+
+ map_name = elf_strptr(bpf_file->elf, bpf_file->strtabidx, sym[i].st_name);
+ maps[i].name = strdup(map_name);
+ if (!maps[i].name) {
+ printf("strdup(%s): %s(%d)\n", map_name,
+ strerror(errno), errno);
+ free(sym);
+ return -errno;
+ }
+
+ /* Symbol value is offset into ELF maps section data area */
+ offset = sym[i].st_value;
+ def = (struct bpf_load_map_def *)(data_maps->d_buf + offset);
+ maps[i].elf_offset = offset;
+ memset(&maps[i].def, 0, sizeof(struct bpf_load_map_def));
+ memcpy(&maps[i].def, def, map_sz_copy);
+
+ /* Verify no newer features were requested */
+ if (validate_zero) {
+ addr = (unsigned char*) def + map_sz_copy;
+ end = (unsigned char*) def + map_sz_elf;
+ for (; addr < end; addr++) {
+ if (*addr != 0) {
+ free(sym);
+ return -EFBIG;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ free(sym);
+ return nr_maps;
+}
+
+int load_bpf_file(const char *path, int lirc_fd, struct toml_table_t *toml)
+{
+ struct bpf_file bpf_file = { .toml = toml };
+ int fd, i, ret;
+ Elf *elf;
+ GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
+ GElf_Shdr shdr, shdr_prog;
+ Elf_Data *data, *data_prog, *data_map = NULL;
+ char *shname, *shname_prog;
+ int nr_maps = 0;
+
+ if (elf_version(EV_CURRENT) == EV_NONE)
+ return 1;
+
+ fd = open(path, O_RDONLY, 0);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ elf = elf_begin(fd, ELF_C_READ, NULL);
+
+ if (!elf)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (gelf_getehdr(elf, &ehdr) != &ehdr)
+ return 1;
+
+ bpf_file.elf = elf;
+
+ /* scan over all elf sections to get license and map info */
+ for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, i, &ehdr, &shname, &shdr, &data))
+ continue;
+
+ if (0) /* helpful for llvm debugging */
+ printf("section %d:%s data %p size %zd link %d flags %d\n",
+ i, shname, data->d_buf, data->d_size,
+ shdr.sh_link, (int) shdr.sh_flags);
+
+ if (strcmp(shname, "license") == 0) {
+ bpf_file.processed_sec[i] = true;
+ memcpy(bpf_file.license, data->d_buf, data->d_size);
+ } else if (strcmp(shname, "maps") == 0) {
+ int j;
+
+ bpf_file.maps_shidx = i;
+ data_map = data;
+ for (j = 0; j < MAX_MAPS; j++)
+ bpf_file.map_data[j].fd = -1;
+ } else if (strcmp(shname, ".data") == 0) {
+ bpf_file.dataidx = i;
+ bpf_file.data = data;
+ } else if (shdr.sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB) {
+ bpf_file.strtabidx = shdr.sh_link;
+ bpf_file.symbols = data;
+ }
+ }
+
+ ret = 1;
+
+ if (!bpf_file.symbols) {
+ printf("missing SHT_SYMTAB section\n");
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ if (data_map) {
+ bpf_file.nr_maps = load_elf_maps_section(&bpf_file);
+ if (bpf_file.nr_maps < 0) {
+ printf("Error: Failed loading ELF maps (errno:%d):%s\n",
+ nr_maps, strerror(-nr_maps));
+ goto done;
+ }
+ if (load_maps(&bpf_file))
+ goto done;
+
+ bpf_file.processed_sec[bpf_file.maps_shidx] = true;
+ }
+
+ /* process all relo sections, and rewrite bpf insns for maps */
+ for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (bpf_file.processed_sec[i])
+ continue;
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, i, &ehdr, &shname, &shdr, &data))
+ continue;
+
+ if (shdr.sh_type == SHT_REL) {
+ struct bpf_insn *insns;
+
+ /* locate prog sec that need map fixup (relocations) */
+ if (get_sec(elf, shdr.sh_info, &ehdr, &shname_prog,
+ &shdr_prog, &data_prog))
+ continue;
+
+ if (shdr_prog.sh_type != SHT_PROGBITS ||
+ !(shdr_prog.sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR))
+ continue;
+
+ insns = (struct bpf_insn *) data_prog->d_buf;
+ bpf_file.processed_sec[i] = true; /* relo section */
+
+ if (parse_relo_and_apply(&bpf_file, &shdr, insns, data))
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* load programs */
+ for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (bpf_file.processed_sec[i])
+ continue;
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, i, &ehdr, &shname, &shdr, &data))
+ continue;
+
+ if (shdr.sh_type != SHT_PROGBITS ||
+ !(shdr.sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR))
+ continue;
+
+ ret = load_and_attach(lirc_fd, &bpf_file, shname, data->d_buf,
+ data->d_size);
+ break;
+ }
+
+done:
+ close(fd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
diff --git a/utils/keytable/bpf_load.h b/utils/keytable/bpf_load.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..01c7d4fd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/utils/keytable/bpf_load.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __BPF_LOAD_H
+#define __BPF_LOAD_H
+
+#define BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE (256 * 1024)
+
+#define MAX_MAPS 32
+#define MAX_PROGS 64
+
+struct bpf_load_map_def {
+ unsigned int type;
+ unsigned int key_size;
+ unsigned int value_size;
+ unsigned int max_entries;
+ unsigned int map_flags;
+ unsigned int inner_map_idx;
+ unsigned int numa_node;
+};
+
+struct bpf_map_data {
+ int fd;
+ char *name;
+ size_t elf_offset;
+ struct bpf_load_map_def def;
+};
+
+/* parses elf file compiled by llvm .c->.o
+ * . parses 'maps' section and creates maps via BPF syscall
+ * . parses 'license' section and passes it to syscall
+ * . parses elf relocations for BPF maps and adjusts BPF_LD_IMM64 insns by
+ * storing map_fd into insn->imm and marking such insns as BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD
+ * . loads eBPF programs via BPF syscall
+ *
+ * One ELF file can contain multiple BPF programs which will be loaded
+ * and their FDs stored stored in prog_fd array
+ *
+ * returns zero on success
+ */
+int load_bpf_file(const char *path, int lirc_fd, struct toml_table_t *toml);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/utils/keytable/keytable.c b/utils/keytable/keytable.c
index c6304b04..2cef9f58 100644
--- a/utils/keytable/keytable.c
+++ b/utils/keytable/keytable.c
@@ -34,6 +34,8 @@
#include "ir-encode.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include "toml.h"
+#include "bpf.h"
+#include "bpf_load.h"
#ifdef ENABLE_NLS
# define _(string) gettext(string)
@@ -56,6 +58,10 @@ struct input_keymap_entry_v2 {
u_int8_t scancode[32];
};
+
+#define IR_PROTOCOLS_USER_DIR IR_KEYTABLE_USER_DIR "/protocols"
+#define IR_PROTOCOLS_SYSTEM_DIR IR_KEYTABLE_SYSTEM_DIR "/protocols"
+
#ifndef EVIOCSCLOCKID
#define EVIOCSCLOCKID _IOW('E', 0xa0, int)
#endif
@@ -265,6 +271,14 @@ static int delay = -1;
static int period = -1;
static enum sysfs_protocols ch_proto = 0;
+struct bpf_protocol {
+ struct bpf_protocol *next;
+ struct toml_table_t *toml;
+ char *name;
+};
+
+static struct bpf_protocol *bpf_protocol;
+
struct cfgfile cfg = {
NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL
};
@@ -407,15 +421,22 @@ static error_t parse_toml_protocol(struct toml_table_t *root, const char *p)
const char *raw;
int i = 0;
+ proot = toml_table_in(root, p);
+
protocol = parse_sysfs_protocol(p, false);
if (protocol == SYSFS_INVALID) {
- fprintf(stderr, _("Protocol `%s' not known\n"), p);
- return EINVAL;
- }
+ struct bpf_protocol *b;
- ch_proto |= protocol;
+ b = malloc(sizeof(*b));
+ b->name = strdup(p);
+ b->toml = proot;
+ b->next = bpf_protocol;
+ bpf_protocol = b;
+ }
+ else {
+ ch_proto |= protocol;
+ }
- proot = toml_table_in(root, p);
if (!proot) {
if (debug)
fprintf(stderr, _("No [%s] section"), p);
@@ -551,7 +572,8 @@ static error_t parse_toml_keyfile(char *fname, char **table)
}
}
- toml_free(root);
+ // Don't free toml, this is used during bpf loading */
+ //toml_free(root);
return 0;
out:
toml_free(root);
@@ -1739,6 +1761,146 @@ static void device_info(int fd, char *prepend)
perror ("EVIOCGID");
}
+#ifdef HAVE_LIBELF
+#define MAX_PROGS 64
+static void attach_bpf(const char *lirc_name, const char *bpf_prog, struct toml_table_t *toml)
+{
+ unsigned int features;
+ int fd;
+
+ fd = open(lirc_name, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ perror(lirc_name);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (ioctl(fd, LIRC_GET_FEATURES, &features)) {
+ perror(lirc_name);
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (!(features & LIRC_CAN_REC_MODE2)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: only raw IR devices support bpf\n",
+ lirc_name);
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ load_bpf_file(bpf_prog, fd, toml);
+ close(fd);
+}
+
+static void show_bpf(const char *lirc_name)
+{
+ unsigned int prog_ids[MAX_PROGS], count = MAX_PROGS;
+ unsigned int features, i;
+ int ret, fd, prog_fd;
+
+ fd = open(lirc_name, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ printf("\tAttached bpf protocols: %m\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (ioctl(fd, LIRC_GET_FEATURES, &features)) {
+ printf("\tAttached bpf protocols: %m\n");
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (!(features & LIRC_CAN_REC_MODE2)) {
+ // only support for mode2 type raw ir devices
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ ret = bpf_prog_query(fd, BPF_LIRC_MODE2, 0, NULL, prog_ids, &count);
+ close(fd);
+ if (ret) {
+ if (errno == EINVAL)
+ printf("\tAttached bpf protocols: No kernel support\n");
+ else
+ printf("\tAttached bpf protocols: %m\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ printf("\tAttached bpf protocols: ");
+ for (i=0; i<count; i++) {
+ if (i)
+ printf(" ");
+ prog_fd = bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id(prog_ids[i]);
+ if (prog_fd != -1) {
+ struct bpf_prog_info info = {};
+ __u32 info_len = sizeof(info);
+
+ ret = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(prog_fd, &info, &info_len);
+ close(prog_fd);
+ if (!ret && info.name[0]) {
+ printf("%s", info.name);
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+ printf("%d", prog_ids[i]);
+ }
+ printf("\n");
+}
+
+static void clear_bpf(const char *lirc_name)
+{
+ unsigned int prog_ids[MAX_PROGS], count = MAX_PROGS;
+ unsigned int features, i;
+ int ret, prog_fd, fd;
+
+ fd = open(lirc_name, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ perror(lirc_name);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (ioctl(fd, LIRC_GET_FEATURES, &features)) {
+ perror(lirc_name);
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (!(features & LIRC_CAN_REC_MODE2)) {
+ // only support for mode2 type raw ir devices
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ ret = bpf_prog_query(fd, BPF_LIRC_MODE2, 0, NULL, prog_ids, &count);
+ if (ret) {
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
+ prog_fd = bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id(prog_ids[i]);
+ if (prog_fd == -1) {
+ printf("failed to get bpf prog id %u: %m\n",
+ prog_ids[i]);
+ continue;
+ }
+ ret = bpf_prog_detach2(prog_fd, fd, BPF_LIRC_MODE2);
+ if (ret)
+ printf("failed to detach bpf prog id %u: %m\n",
+ prog_ids[i]);
+ close(prog_fd);
+ }
+ close(fd);
+ fprintf(stderr, _("bpf protocols removed\n"));
+}
+#else
+static void attach_bpf(const char *lirc_name, const char *bpf_prog)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, _("error: ir-keytable was compiled without BPF support\n"));
+}
+static void show_bpf(const char *lirc_name) {}
+static void clear_bpf(const char *lirc_name) {}
+#endif
+
static int show_sysfs_attribs(struct rc_device *rc_dev, char *name)
{
static struct sysfs_names *names, *cur;
@@ -1760,9 +1922,11 @@ static int show_sysfs_attribs(struct rc_device *rc_dev, char *name)
fprintf(stderr, _("\tDriver: %s, table: %s\n"),
rc_dev->drv_name,
rc_dev->keytable_name);
- if (rc_dev->lirc_name)
+ if (rc_dev->lirc_name) {
fprintf(stderr, _("\tlirc device: %s\n"),
rc_dev->lirc_name);
+ show_bpf(rc_dev->lirc_name);
+ }
fprintf(stderr, _("\tSupported protocols: "));
write_sysfs_protocols(rc_dev->supported, stderr, "%s ");
fprintf(stderr, "\n\t");
@@ -1911,6 +2075,8 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
*/
if (clear) {
clear_table(fd);
+ if (rc_dev.lirc_name)
+ clear_bpf(rc_dev.lirc_name);
fprintf(stderr, _("Old keytable cleared\n"));
}
@@ -1935,6 +2101,34 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
}
}
+ if (bpf_protocol) {
+ struct bpf_protocol *b;
+ struct stat st;
+ char *fname;
+
+ if (!rc_dev.lirc_name) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error: unable to attach bpf program, lirc device name was not found\n");
+ }
+
+ for (b = bpf_protocol; b && rc_dev.lirc_name; b = b->next) {
+ asprintf(&fname, IR_PROTOCOLS_USER_DIR "/%s.o", b->name);
+
+ if (stat(fname, &st)) {
+ free(fname);
+ asprintf(&fname, IR_PROTOCOLS_SYSTEM_DIR "/%s.o", b->name);
+
+ if (stat(fname, &st)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, _("Can't find %s bpf protocol in %s or %s\n"), b->name, IR_KEYTABLE_USER_DIR "/protocols", IR_KEYTABLE_SYSTEM_DIR "/protocols");
+ free(fname);
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+
+ attach_bpf(rc_dev.lirc_name, fname, b->toml);
+ free(fname);
+ }
+ }
+
/*
* Fourth step: display current keytable
*/
diff --git a/v4l-utils.spec.in b/v4l-utils.spec.in
index bdbb27ba..f7be08b3 100644
--- a/v4l-utils.spec.in
+++ b/v4l-utils.spec.in
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ Source0: http://linuxtv.org/downloads/v4l-utils/v4l-utils-%{version}.tar.
Source1: qv4l2.desktop
Source2: qv4l2.svg
BuildRoot: %{_tmppath}/%{name}-%{version}-%{release}-root-%(%{__id_u} -n)
-BuildRequires: qt4-devel libsysfs-devel kernel-headers desktop-file-utils
+BuildRequires: qt4-devel libsysfs-devel kernel-headers desktop-file-utils elfutils-libelf-devel
# For /etc/udev/rules.d ownership
Requires: udev
Requires: libv4l = %{version}-%{release}

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